The Scientific Status of Childhood Dissociative Identity Disorder: A Review of Published Research

  title={The Scientific Status of Childhood Dissociative Identity Disorder: A Review of Published Research},
  author={Guy A. Boysen},
  journal={Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics},
  pages={329 - 334}
  • G. Boysen
  • Published 5 August 2011
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Background: Dissociative identity disorder (DID) remains a controversial diagnosis due to conflicting views on its etiology. Some attribute DID to childhood trauma and others attribute it to iatrogenesis. The purpose of this article is to review the published cases of childhood DID in order to evaluate its scientific status, and to answer research questions related to the etiological models. Methods: I searched MEDLINE and PsycINFO records for studies published since 1980 on DID/multiple… 
A Review of Published Research on Adult Dissociative Identity Disorder: 2000–2010
Assessing the scientific and etiological status of dissociative identity disorder by examining cases published from 2000 to 2010 found research lacks the productivity and focus needed to resolve ongoing controversies surrounding the disorder.
The Scientific Status of Childhood Dissociative Identity Disorder: A Review of Published Research
The author’s claim that ‘the non-Western cases of DID did not occur in isolation from Western influence’ because ‘these international researchers published their work in Englishlanguage journals and cited Western literature on DID’ reflects not only a culture-centric double bind but is also disrespectful by suggesting a lack of autonomous thought from nonNorth American clinicians and researchers.
Dissociative identity disorder: a developmental perspective
Dissociation in post-traumatic stress disorder is considered, developmental factors hypothesised to be associated with dissociation in childhood and early adulthood are outlined, and it is warned that clinicians should keep an open mind about how dissociation may manifest transdiagnostically.
Dissociative Identity Disorder Among Adolescents: Prevalence in a University Psychiatric Outpatient Unit
Although the SCID-D is promising for diagnosing dissociative disorders in adolescents, its modest congruence with self-rated dissociation and lack of relationship between diagnosis and childhood trauma and family dysfunction suggest that the prevalence rates obtained with this instrument originally designed for adults must be replicated.
Beyond the Impasse – Reflections on Dissociative Identity Disorder from a Freudian–Lacanian Perspective
The author argues that looking at the underlying psychical dynamics can provide a way out of the debate on the veracity of the diagnosis of DID and proposes a structural conception of hysteria to understand clinical and empirical observations on the prevalence, appearance and treatment of DID.
Multimodal Treatment With ECT for Identity Integration in a Patient With Dissociative Identity Disorder, Complex Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, and Major Depressive Disorder: A Rare Case Report
The importance of the PTM as an etiological description for DID and the importance of mental health providers further studying and researching the effects of ECT on patients with chronic MDD, PTSD, and suicidal intent, especially if these are comorbid with DID are highlighted.
Predictors of Dissociative Experiences Among Adolescents in Nepal: A Path Analysis.
An integrated path model found that the effect of childhood trauma on dissociation was mediated either by posttraumatic stress symptoms or by cognitive failures, and future studies should develop and test multifactorial models of dissociation and multiple pathways.
Psychiatric epidemiology in Turkey: main advances in recent studies and future directions.
Although psychiatric epidemiological studies of the last decade provide a suitable ground for future challenges, current trends in this research area has tended to stagnate, despite the potential for unique contributions.
Dissociative and Psychotic Experiences of Adolescents Admitted to a Psychiatric Inpatient Unit
A significant positive correlation was found between dissociative and psychotic experiences in adolescents requiring inpatient mental health care that remained highly significant once similarities between measures were taken into account.


The sociocognitive model of dissociative identity disorder: a reexamination of the evidence.
The author reexamines the evidence for the sociocognitive model of dissociative identity disorder and concludes that it is based on numerous false assumptions about the psychopathology, assessment, and treatment of DID.
Structured interview data on 35 cases of dissociative identity disorder in Turkey.
Dissociative identity disorder has a stable, consistent set of features throughout North America, in the Netherlands, and in Turkey, and cross-cultural research using standardized assessment measures will be invaluable in further illumination of the validity of this widely neglected psychiatric category.
Dissociative identity disorder and the sociocognitive model: recalling the lessons of the past.
The present authors conclude that Gleaves's analysis underemphasized the cultural manifestations of multiple role enactments and that the history of DID imparts a valuable lesson to contemporary psychotherapists.
Clinical findings were headaches, aggressive behavior and outbursts, trance-like experiences, amnesias, inconsistent school performance, lying, sleep disturbances, and depressive symptoms.
Tracking Scientific Interest in the Dissociative Disorders: A Study of Scientific Publication Output 1984–2003
Dissociative amnesia and dissociative identity disorder have not generated consistent scientific interest over the years, but instead apparently enjoyed a brief period of fashion that now has waned.
Dissociative identity disorder revealed through play therapy: A case study of a four-year-old.
This case study illustrates how DIt) symptomatology emerged and was identified during a traditional course of play therapy with a four-year-old child. Considering the history and presenting symptoms
Dissociative Identity Disorder: Time to Remove It from DSM-V? Examining the Logic Behind Arguments to Perpetuate a Controversial Diagnosis
What is it about dissociative identity disorder (DID) that makes it a polarizing diagnosis? Why does it split professionals into believers and nonbelievers, stirring up heated debates, high emotions,
The Persistence of Folly: A Critical Examination of Dissociative Identity Disorder. Part I. The Excesses of an Improbable Concept
  • A. Piper, H. Merskey
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie
  • 2004
There is no proof for the claim that DID results from childhood trauma and the condition cannot be reliably diagnosed, and it is best understood as a culture-bound and often iatrogenic condition.
Dissociative symptomatology in children and adolescents as displayed on psychological testing.
  • J. Silberg
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality assessment
  • 1998
Support is added to the discriminant validity of DID and DDNOS as diagnostic categories in childhood and clinical information that may be useful for early diagnosis of traumatized children with dissociative pathology is provided.