The Science of Elections

  title={The Science of Elections},
  author={Steven J. Brams and Dudley R Herschbach},
  pages={1449 - 1449}
I t comes as a surprise to some that there is a science of elections. Its provenance can be traced back to the Marquis de Condorcet in 18th-century France, Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) in 19th-century England, and Kenneth Arrow in 20th-century America. Since Arrow published his seminal book Social Choice and Individual Values 50 years ago—for which in large part he received the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics in 1972—there have been thousands of articles and hundreds of books published on… 

Going from theory to practice: the mixed success of approval voting

Ballot data from some of the societies that adopted AV are used to compare theoretical results with experience, including the nature of voting under AV and the kinds of candidates that are elected.

Solving hard problems in election systems

This work evaluates the complexity, both theoretically and empirically, of manipulating, bribing, and controlling elections, particularly on scoring protocols, and shows how certain parameters and properties of scoring protocols can make elections easy or hard to manipulate.

The Complexity of Manipulating k-Approval Elections

This work takes the first step in generalizing the results of computational complexity of election misuse to cases of infinitely many scoring protocols on an unbounded number of candidates and demonstrates a surprising connection between manipulation in election systems and some graph theory problems.

Tactical Voting in Plurality Elections

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Decisions, Decisions: How Should The Votes Be Counted?

Synopsis It is a simple matter for the members of a group to decide among two options. When there are three or more options among which to choose, the situation is much more complicated. This is

The interplay of self-reflection, social interaction and random events in the dynamics of opinion flow in two-party democracies

We propose a continuous process opinion formation model to study the dynamics of a multi-level relationship between voters, political parties, and facts in two-party democratic elections. In our

A geometric model of sensitivity of multistage elections to change

This paper geometrically compares multistage, multiple, and positional elections and shows that multiple stage elections are not necessarily more sensitive to small scale manipulation or other small scale effects.

Approval voting and positional voting methods: Inference, relationship, examples

This work extends the inference framework of Tsetlin and Regenwetter (2003) from majority rule to approval voting and all positional voting methods and finds that, under certain statistical assumptions, approval voting tends to agree with positional Voting methods, and with Borda, in particular.