The Science of Adaptation: A Framework for Assessment

@article{Smit1999TheSO,
  title={The Science of Adaptation: A Framework for Assessment},
  author={Barry E. Smit and Ian Burton and Richard J. T. Klein and Roger B. Street},
  journal={Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change},
  year={1999},
  volume={4},
  pages={199-213}
}
This paper outlines what is meant by "adaptation" to climate change, and how it might be addressed in the IPCC Assessments. Two roles of adaptation in the climate change field are identified: adaptation as part of impact assessment (where the key question is: what adaptations are likely?), and adaptation as part of the policy response (where the central question is: what adaptations are recommended?). The concept of adaptation has been adopted in several fields including climate impact… 

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