The Scandinavian Caledonides and their relationship to the Variscan belt

  title={The Scandinavian Caledonides and their relationship to the Variscan belt},
  author={Patrice Rey and J.-P. Burg and Mary F. Casey},
  journal={Geological Society, London, Special Publications},
  pages={179 - 200}
Abstract The main events that mark the contraction and extension histories of the Scandinavian Caledonides and the European Variscides are summarized. It is shown that continental subduction may have developed similarly large and asymmetric thrust systems in both orogens. However, while continent-continent collision developed in the Variscides, extension began in the Scandinavian Caledonides marking the end of continental subduction. This led extensional tectonics to affect two continental… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Alpine and Caledonide tectonics - a brief comparative study
Abstract The structure and tectonic evolution of the Alpine and Caledonide orogens show several common features in addition to the many contrasts. These parallels, taken to imply a basic similarity
Extensional tectonics in the North Atlantic Caledonides: a regional view
Abstract Extensional structures characterize significant parts of the North Atlantic Caledonides. Silurian extensional deformation took place, particularly in the heated crust in the southern
The Polish Sudetes: Caledonian or Variscan?
Abstract The Polish Sudetes on the NE margin of the Bohemian Massif comprise a complex mosaic of pre-Permian basement units, traditionally included in the Variscides. A hypothesis of significant
The Variscan collage and orogeny (480–290 Ma) and the tectonic definition of the Armorica microplate: a review
  • P. Matte
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2001
The Variscan belt of western Europe is part of a large Palaeozoic mountain system, 1000 km broad and 8000 km long, which extended from the Caucasus to the Appalachian and Ouachita mountains of
Hot Versus Cold Orogenic Behavior: Comparing the Araçuaí‐West Congo and the Caledonian Orogens
Observations and modeling show that temperature controls crustal rheology and therefore also the orogenic evolution of continent‐continent collision zones and the associated tectonic style. In order
Extensional tectonics in the Caledonides: Synorogenic or postorogenic?
Extensional tectonism may form during as well as after the contractional history of a collisional orogeny. Kinematic studies combined with various age constraints in the southern Scandinavian
Structural development of the Håsteinen Devonian Massif, its Caledonian substrate and the subjacent Nordfjord–Sogn Detachment Zone - a contribution to the understanding of Caledonian contraction and Devonian extension in West Norway
In western Norway, the contractional history of the Caledonian Orogeny ended with the Scandian continentcontinent collision between Baltica and Laurentia at around 420-400 Ma, resulting in formation
Comparing Tibet-Himalayan and Caledonian crustal architecture, evolution and mountain building processes
Abstract The Himalaya-Tibet and Caledonide orogens are comparable in scale and are similar in various aspects. Regional suture zones are recognizable in both, although their identification is more


Late Caledonide Extension in western Norway: A response to extreme crustal thickening
Imbrication of the north-west margin of the Baltic Shield during the mid-Silurian continental collision caused continental “subduction” as recorded by the eclogites of the Western Gneiss Region of
Postcollisional extension of the Caledonide orogen in Scandinavia: Structural expressions and tectonic significance
The Scandinavian Caledonides are much more affected by postcontractional Devonian extension than previously thought. The extensional deformation is not restricted to the internal parts of the orogen,
Collapse of a Hercynian Tibetan Plateau into a late Palaeozoic European Basin and Range province
The large width, the importance of crustal shortening and the likelihood of thick crust in the late Palaeozoic Hercynian (or Variscan) belt of southern Europe suggest a tectonic evolution analogous
Middle and Late Carboniferous extension In the Variscan Belt: structural and petrological evidences from the Vosges massif (Eastern France)
AbstractIn the Moldanubian domain of the Vosges massif (INK France) euperimposition of three distinct crustal units has been attributed to Middle to Late Carboniferous thrusting. Л kinematic analysis