The Samurai Next Door: Chinese Examinations of the Japanese Martial Spirit

  title={The Samurai Next Door: Chinese Examinations of the Japanese Martial Spirit},
  author={Oleg Benesch},
Characterization of Japan as martial, as opposed to a China emphasizing civil virtues, has colored views of both societies for centuries. The Samurai spirit has at times been credited for Japan’s economic success and technological progress, but is also associated with militaristic imperialism. The underlying conception of a martial Japan carried into the modern age, where it flowed into the emerging discourse on bushido, or “the way of the warrior” which began to be popularized in the late… 
8 Citations

Reclaiming Confucius by Denouncing Japan: Chinese Scholars as Nation Builders in the 1920s-30s

The humiliating defeat of the Qing Dynasty to Japan, a country long considered to be China’s cultural inferior, in the First Sino-Japanese War (1894-95) triggered widespread intellectual debate on

Bushidō and the Legacy of “Samurai Values” in Contemporary Japan

Though difficult to define as a clear set of moral precepts, aspects of so-called “samurai values”, the combination of orally-transmitted Confucian and Buddhist lore to which Nitobe Inazō refers in

Japan's Colonialism and Wang Jingwei's Neo-Nationalism, 1938–1945

After Japan pragmatized militarism and formed a modernized nation-state in the latter nineteenth century, it extended that same methodology to its East Asian neighbor, China, from 1938 to 1945. This

In League with Gentlemen: Junzi Masculinity and the Chinese Nation in Cultural Nationalist Discourses

Drawing on the concept of cultural nationalism, I argue in this paper that the promotion of the junzi ideal is a form of political, social and cultural identity-making that seeks to “validate and

Lives and Afterlives of Bushidō: A Perspective from Overseas

Bushidō has had many different lives in many different places around the world. These transformations and afterlives constitute valuable witnesses that offer competing narratives of Japan’s modern

Divine Winds and Human Waves: The Kamikaze’s rise over the Course of Japanese History

Japan's World War II Kamikaze-attack strategy has become common knowledge to almost all Americans, with many sharing a preconception of fanatical and desperate Japanese pilots willfully crashing into


  • Jay Nebel
  • History
    Ex Asia et Syria: Oriental Religions in the Roman Central Balkans
  • 2021
The poet Major Jackson (Holding Company, Hoops) compiles this eclectic Spring issue, which includes the work of several distinguished writers and newcomers. Featuring poetry by writers like Mark



Zen at War

A compelling history of the contradictory, often militaristic, role of Zen Buddhism, this book meticulously documents the close and previously unknown support of a supposedly peaceful religion for

Ghosts of the Japanese Imperial Army: The ‘White Group’ (Baituan) and Early Post-war Sino-Japanese Relations

In the immediate post-World War II disorder of East Asia redrafted alliances offered a potentially new grammar to an old conversation between former belligerent parties. While the shifting landscape

Staying On: Japanese Soldiers and Civilians in China, 1945–1949

The authors examine the actions and motivations of the Japanese who remained in China following Japan's surrender in August 1945. A large part of the Japanese Army in China became involved in the

Portrait of a Warlord: Yen Hsi-shan in Shansi Province, 1911–1930

In the years that followed the overthrow of the Ch'ing dynasty in 1911, China was ruled by military men who set up virtually independent governments in the various provinces. This inquiry into the

The chrysanthemum and the sword : patterns of Japanese culture

The Japanese were the most alien enemy the United States had ever fought in an all-out struggle. In no other war with a major foe had it been necessary to take into account such exceedingly different

Problems of Centralization in Republican China: The Case of Ch'en Ch'eng and the Kuomintang

Abstract This is a study of the role played by Ch'en Ch'eng, who for almost thirty years was Chiang Kai-shek's most trusted and powerful lieutenant, in the relations between Chiang's “Central”

Inventing the Way of the Samurai: Nationalism, Internationalism, and Bushidō in Modern Japan

Introduction 1. Backgrounds 2. First Explanations of Bushido in the Meiji Era 3. The Early Bushido Boom, 1894-1905 4. The Late Bushido Boom, 1905-1914 5. The End of the Bushido Boom 6. The Showa

Bushidō and the Samurai: Images in British Public Opinion, 1894—1914

I shall turn Japanese, for they at least can think, and be reticent! … I fail to see any Western people in a position to set the Japs an example in their diplomacy … their organization, their

Zhanzheng yu wushi: wushi de shengcun turan, fazhan dongli

  • 2009

“ Jiang Jieshi yu Huangpu jianjun . ” Shixue yuekan , no . 2

  • 2004