The SBF Survey of Galaxy Distances. IV. SBF Magnitudes, Colors, and Distances

  title={The SBF Survey of Galaxy Distances. IV. SBF Magnitudes, Colors, and Distances},
  author={John L. Tonry and Alan Dressler and John P. Blakeslee and Edward A. Ajhar and A. Fletcher and Gerard Anthony Luppino and Mark Robert Metzger and Christopher B. Moore},
  journal={The Astrophysical Journal},
  pages={681 - 693}
We report data for I-band surface brightness fluctuation (SBF) magnitudes, (V-I) colors, and distance moduli for 300 galaxies. The survey contains E, S0, and early-type spiral galaxies in the proportions of 49 : 42 : 9 and is essentially complete for E galaxies to Hubble velocities of 2000 km s-1, with a substantial sampling of E galaxies out to 4000 km s-1. The median error in distance modulus is 0.22 mag. We also present two new results from the survey. (1) We compare the mean peculiar flow… 

Distances, Metallicities, and Ages of Dwarf Elliptical Galaxies in the Virgo Cluster from Surface Brightness Fluctuations

We have employed FORS1 and 2 at the Very Large Telescope at the European Southern Observatory (ESO) to acquire deep B and R-band CCD images of 16 dwarf elliptical (dE) galaxies in the direction of

Surface Brightness Fluctuations of Fornax Cluster Galaxies: Calibration of Infrared Surface Brightness Fluctuations and Evidence for Recent Star Formation

We have measured KS-band (2.0-2.3 μm) surface brightness fluctuations (SBFs) of 19 early-type galaxies in the Fornax Cluster. Fornax is ideally suited both for calibrating SBFs as distance indicators

Distances and stellar population properties for 12 elliptical galaxies

Aims. We use the surface brightness fluctuation (SBF) technique to derive the distances and analyse the radial behaviour of stellar populations in a sample of 12 elliptical galaxies. The data are

Surface brightness fluctuation distances for dwarf elliptical galaxies in the Fornax cluster

We have obtained deep B and R-band CCD images of eight dwarf elliptical (dE) galaxies in the Fornax cluster using the FORS1 instrument at the VLT in service mode under excellent atmospheric

A synthesis of data from fundamental plane and surface brightness fluctuation surveys

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Measuring Distances to Low-luminosity Galaxies Using Surface Brightness Fluctuations

We present an in-depth study of surface brightness fluctuations (SBFs) in low-luminosity stellar systems. Using the MIST models, we compute theoretical predictions for absolute SBF magnitudes in the

Cosmological Parameters from the Comparison of the 2MASS Gravity Field with Peculiar Velocity Surveys

We compare the peculiar velocity field within 65 h-1 Mpc predicted from 2MASS photometry and public redshift data to three independent peculiar velocity surveys based on Type Ia supernovae, surface

Cosmic distances from surface brightness fluctuations

  • J. Blakeslee
  • Physics
    Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union
  • 2012
Abstract High spatial-resolution measurements of surface brightness fluctuations (SBFs) with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) provide the most precise distances available to early-type galaxies

Early-type galaxy distances from the Fundamental Plane and surface brightness fluctuations

We compare two of the most popular methods for deriving distances to early-type galaxies: the Fundamental Plane (FP) and surface brightness fluctuations (SBF). Distances for 170 galaxies are

The Fornax Deep Survey with VST. III. Low surface brightness dwarfs and ultra diffuse galaxies in the center of the Fornax cluster

Context. Studies of low surface brightness (LSB) galaxies in nearby clusters have revealed a sub-population of extremely diffuse galaxies with central surface brightness of μ0,g' > 24 mag arcsec-2,



The Surface Brightness Fluctuation Survey of Galaxy Distances. II. Local and Large-Scale Flows

We present results from the Surface Brightness Fluctuation (SBF) Survey for the distances to 300 early-type galaxies, of which approximately half are ellipticals. A modest change in the zero point of

The SBF Survey of Galaxy Distances. I. Sample Selection, Photometric Calibration, and the Hubble Constant

We describe a program of surface brightness fluctuation (SBF) measurements for determining galaxy distances. This paper presents the photometric calibration of our sample and of SBF in general.

Detection of Surface Brightness Fluctuations in NGC 4373 Using the Hubble Space Telescope

Surface brightness fluctuations (SBF) have been detected for three elliptical galaxies—NGC 3379 in the Leo group, NGC 4406 in the Virgo cluster, and NGC 4373 in the Hydra-Centaurus supercluster—using

Theoretical Predictions for Surface Brightness Fluctuations and Implications for Stellar Populations of Elliptical Galaxies

We compute theoretical predictions for surface brightness fluctuations (SBFs) of single-burst stellar populations (SSPs) using models optimized for this purpose. We present results over a wide range

A Large-scale Bulk Flow of Galaxy Clusters

We report first results from the Streaming Motions of Abell Clusters (SMAC) project, an all-sky Fundamental Plane survey of 699 early-type galaxies in 56 clusters between ~3000 and ~14,000 km s-1.

The Infrared Surface Brightness Fluctuation Distances to the Hydra and Coma Clusters

We present IR surface brightness fluctuation (SBF) distance measurements to NGC 4889 in the Coma Cluster and to NGC 3309 and NGC 3311 in the Hydra Cluster. We explicitly corrected for the

Measuring Distances Using Infrared Surface Brightness Fluctuations

Surface brightness fluctuations (SBFs) are much brighter in the infrared than they are at optical wavelengths, making it possible to measure greater distances using IR SBFs. We report new K' (2.1 μm)

The Hubble Space Telescope Key Project on the Extragalactic Distance Scale. XXVII. A Derivation of the Hubble Constant Using the Fundamental Plane and Dn-σ Relations in Leo I, Virgo, and Fornax

Using published photometry and spectroscopy, we construct the fundamental plane and Dn-σ relations in Leo I, Virgo, and Fornax. The published Cepheid period-luminosity (PL) relations to spirals in

The Hubble Space Telescope Key Project on the Extragalactic Distance Scale. XXVI. The Calibration of Population II Secondary Distance Indicators and the Value of the Hubble Constant

A Cepheid-based calibration is derived for four distance indicators that utilize stars in old stellar populations: the tip of the red giant branch (TRGB), the planetary nebula luminosity function

Surface Brightness Fluctuations: A Bridge from M31 to the Hubble Constant

Observations of the I-band surface-brightness fluctuations of M32, M31, NGC 205, and other galaxies in the Fornax and Eridanus clusters are discussed. It is confirmed that M-bar(I) has a small