The Royalist Regime in the Viceroyalty of Peru, 1820–1824

  title={The Royalist Regime in the Viceroyalty of Peru, 1820–1824},
  author={John Fisher},
  journal={Journal of Latin American Studies},
  pages={55 - 84}
  • J. Fisher
  • Published 1 February 2000
  • Political Science
  • Journal of Latin American Studies
This article provides an analysis of royalist strategy in the viceroyalty of Peru during the four years between the arrival of José de San Martín's invasion force in September 1820 and the battle of Ayacucho of December 1824. It pays particular attention to royalist policy from July 1821, when viceroy José de la Serna evacuated Lima, the viceregal capital, leaving the city open to San Martín, who declared independence there on 28 July. Its focus differs, therefore, from that of most previous… 
«Para reintegrar la Nación». El Perú en la política negociadora del Trienio Liberal con los disidentes americanos, 1820-1824
Handling of the American question took a new direction during the Liberal Triennium (1820-1823). Leaders during the second period of liberalism were committed to negotiation with dissidents as a
From Europe to the Andes and back: Becoming ‘Los Ayacuchos’
This article studies the trajectories of the officers defeated at the battle of Ayacucho who upon their return to Spain had prominent political careers. It follows them before, during and after the
Los últimos golpes. Análisis comparativo de las deposiciones de los virreyes de Nueva España y Perú en 1821
In 1821, the only viceroys left governing Spanish America, who had been appointed by Ferdinand VII, were forced to resign their authority by their own military chiefs. This article compares both
Nuevos enfoques y métodos en la historiografía sobre las independencias: el debate continúa
The complex process of independence of Latin American countries, whose bicentennial is celebrated at this time, has gained enormous prominence historiography in the last twenty years, driven largely


A succinct account of the battle is provided by Armando Nieto Ve! lez
  • S. J., JunıT n and Ayacucho
Decrees of Bolı! var of July  abolishing personal service, the mita, cacicazgos and communal ownership of land are in ADC
Details of these (and other) measures are in ADC, Tesorerı! a Fiscal
Sub-Regional Integration in Nineteenth-Century South America : Andre! s Santa Cruz and the Peru-Bolivia Confederation
  • P. T. Parkerson
The details of the swearing of allegiance by the city council and other corporations are in Gamarra to Jose! de Ca! ceres
, (referring to confiscation of plata ping a which a German, Daniel Selnutt, was about to ' embarcar clandestinamente'), ADC, Tesorerı! a Fiscal
 contains details of a substantial loan by the cura of Acobamba, Tadeo Valverde, to assist with meeting the ' urgentes necesidades de la Nacio! n' : Domingo Xime! nez to Canterac