The Roles of Banks in Financial Systems

  title={The Roles of Banks in Financial Systems},
  author={Franklin Allen and Elena Carletti},
  journal={The Oxford Handbook of Banking},
Banks perform various roles in the economy. First, they ameliorate the information problems between investors and borrowers by monitoring the latter and ensuring a proper use of the depositors’ funds. Second, they provide intertemporal smoothing of risk that cannot be diversified at a given point in time as well as insurance to depositors against unexpected consumption shocks. Because of the maturity mismatch between their assets and liabilities, however, banks are subject to the possibility of… 

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