The Role of the Medial Frontal Cortex in Cognitive Control

  title={The Role of the Medial Frontal Cortex in Cognitive Control},
  author={K. Richard Ridderinkhof and Markus Ullsperger and Eveline A. Crone and Sander Nieuwenhuis},
  pages={443 - 447}
Adaptive goal-directed behavior involves monitoring of ongoing actions and performance outcomes, and subsequent adjustments of behavior and learning. We evaluate new findings in cognitive neuroscience concerning cortical interactions that subserve the recruitment and implementation of such cognitive control. A review of primate and human studies, along with a meta-analysis of the human functional neuroimaging literature, suggest that the detection of unfavorable outcomes, response errors… 
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The results are consistent with the hypothesis that the anterior cingulate cortex is involved in executive control, specifically monitoring impairments in performance that signal the need to adjust cognitive control.
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Temporal Dynamics of Human Frontal and Cingulate Neural Activity During Conflict and Cognitive Control
It is shown that cognitive control manifests as a sustained increase in gamma band power, which correlates with response time, and that sustained local neural activity in dorsolateral and medial regions is what determines the timing of the correct response.
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An integrative theory of prefrontal cortex function.
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Inhibition and the right inferior frontal cortex
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A saccade-countermanding task affords an experimental dissociation of neural signals of error, reinforcement, and conflict, consistent with the hypothesis that the anterior cingulate cortex monitors the consequences of actions.
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Dorsal anterior cingulate cortex: A role in reward-based decision making
  • G. Bush, B. Vogt, B. Rosen
  • Psychology, Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2001
The data support a role for dACC in reward-based decision making, and by linking the human and monkey literatures, provide initial support for the existence of heterogeneity within dACC.
Anterior Cingulate Conflict Monitoring and Adjustments in Control
Using the Stroop color-naming task and controlling for repetition effects, it is demonstrated that ACC conflict-related activity predicts both greater prefrontal cortex activity and adjustments in behavior, supporting a role of ACC conflict monitoring in the engagement of cognitive control.
Prefrontal–cingulate interactions in action monitoring
The lateral prefrontal cortex seemed to interact with the anterior cingulate cortex in monitoring behavior and in guiding compensatory systems, and it was found that medial frontal cortex activity associated with action monitoring depended on activity in the lateral cortex.
Primate anterior cingulate cortex: Where motor control, drive and cognition interface
  • T. Paus
  • Biology, Psychology
    Nature Reviews Neuroscience
  • 2001
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