The Role of octopamine and tyramine in Drosophila larval locomotion

  title={The Role of octopamine and tyramine in Drosophila larval locomotion},
  author={Mareike Selcho and Dennis Pauls and Basil el Jundi and Reinhard F. Stocker and Andreas S. Thum},
  journal={Journal of Comparative Neurology},
The characteristic crawling behavior of Drosophila larvae consists of a series of rhythmic waves of peristalsis and episodes of head swinging and turning. The two biogenic amines octopamine and tyramine have recently been shown to modulate various parameters of locomotion, such as muscle contraction, the time spent in pausing or forward locomotion, and the initiation and maintenance of rhythmic motor patterns. By using mutants having altered octopamine and tyramine levels and by genetic… 

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