The Role of Touch in Facilitated Communication

  title={The Role of Touch in Facilitated Communication},
  author={Emiko Kezuka},
  journal={Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders},
  • E. Kezuka
  • Published 1 October 1997
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Imagine that one day a nonverbal autistic child suddenly starts to type messages, such as “I am not retarded,” using a computer keyboard while being touched by an assistant. Facilitated communication (FC) appears to create this miracle around the world. To understand how this works, experiments were conducted involving a “telepathy game” using a rod with an attached strain gauge. A force from the assistant, which controlled what was spelled through physical support, was measured. It was thus… 
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Picture Exchange Communication System and Facilitated Communication: Contrasting an Evidence-Based Practice with a Discredited Method
Abstract Learners with autism require specialized education and supports to ensure acquisition and mastery of various communication skills. This is particularly true for individuals whose disability
Facilitated Communication and Authorship: A Systematic Review
A synthesis of the extant peer-reviewed literature on the question of authorship in Facilitated Communication indicated unequivocal evidence for facilitator control: messages generated through FC are authored by the facilitators rather than the individuals with disabilities.
Semefulness: a social semiotics of touch
This paper explores the multiple significances (semefulness) of touch, as experienced by us as embodied subjects. Prompted by the development of a range of touch-based technologies, I consider the
Views of Facilitated Communication: What's the Point?
  • J. Duchan
  • Psychology
    Language, speech, and hearing services in schools
  • 1999
Views of FC are outlined and a way out of the dilemma is suggested through the development of clinical practice guidelines that include protections of both clients and clinicians.
The moral obligation to be empirical: Comments on Boynton's “Facilitated Communication—what harm it can do: Confessions of a former facilitator”
Janyce Boynton (2012) does a great service by explaining how she came to author false accusations of sexual abuse against an innocent family using “facilitated communication” (FC). FC involves a
Facilitated Communication and Its Legitimacy—Twenty-First Century Developments
By 2001, Facilitated Communication (FC) had largely been empirically discredited as an effective intervention for previously uncommunicative persons with disabilities, especially those with autism
The persistence of fad interventions in the face of negative scientific evidence: Facilitated communication for autism as a case example
Abstract Communication disorder and mental health professionals may assume that once novel clinical techniques have been refuted by research, they will be promptly abandoned. Using facilitated
Facilitated Communication Since 1995: A Review of Published Studies
  • M. Mostert
  • Psychology
    Journal of autism and developmental disorders
  • 2001
This review examines published FC studies since the previous major reviews and critiques and discounts the claims of two studies purporting to offer empirical evidence of FC efficacy using control procedures.
A recent eye-tracking study fails to reveal agency in assisted autistic communication
In May 2020, Scientific Reports published a paper entitled “Eye-tracking Reveals Agency in Assisted Autistic Communication” (Jaswal et al., 2020). This paper has attracted widespread attention amon...


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No client showed unexpected literacy or communicative abilities when tested via the facilitator screening procedure, even after 20 hours of training, and separate analyses indicated that some facilitators influenced the communicative output of their clients.
Brief report: A case study assessing the validity of facilitated communication
Facilitated communication is a term that has evolved to describe the process by which a disabled person is physically assisted by another person to communicate using a mechanical device. 2 The device
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This report presents a quantitative study of facilitated communication in 12 people living at an institutional autism program and 9 people who provided them with facilitated communication support, which demonstrates that the facilitators were unknowingly determining what was typed.
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Investigated facilitated communication with 10 adults with autism, and specifically examined the effects of facilitator influence and level of assistance as a function of facilitator knowledge of
A history of facilitated communication: Science, pseudoscience, and antiscience science working group on facilitated communication.
Facilitated communication (FC) is a method of assisting people with severe developmental disabilities to communicate. Before its adoption as a teaching–treatment technique, the only research evidence
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Facilitated communication (FC) is an expressive communication strategy that involves the selection of targets on a letter display or keyboard by an individual who receives some physical support, ty...
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This text examines the phenomenon of facilitated communication, and how it is being used with people with autism and other developmental disabilities who are noncommunicative.
Foundations of cognitive science
"Posner is to be congratulated on having brought together so many distinguished authors, each contributing a tutorial chapter on their particular branch of the science. The best of these are
The quality of evidence.
  • S. Wolf
  • Medicine, Political Science
    Integrative physiological and behavioral science : the official journal of the Pavlovian Society
  • 1991
The teaching of evidence-based approaches and practice with their use should now form a normal part of courses in occupational health practice, and one of the important spin-offs is a valuable skepticism about the foundations of much current practice, within which lie the seeds for a better evidence base in the future.