The Role of Social Media in the ‘Syrian Uprising’

  • Araz Ramazan Ahmad, Nazakat Hussain Hamasaeed
  • Published 2014

Abstract

This paper, which is entitled „The Role of Social Media in the „Syrian Uprising aimed to report on survey research conducted w h i c h identify the role of played by social media i n the „Syrian Uprising Currently social media tools were good mediums of electronic communication among protesters in Syria. Further, it was a vital medium for spreading information such as photos, videos and documents about the revolution for national, regional and international spheres. This paper looked at the impact and relationship between protesters and Syrian people who used social media ,technology and the nature of its role in the „Syrian Uprising „ as well as the study has made a controversial argument between different views of scholars about the subject and its case. This paper has interviewed 30 protesters inside Syria through a survey. This study, demonstrate the appeal that social media can have both positive and negative points in the „Syrian uprising . INTRODUCTION The years 2010 and 2011, can be known as the golden years for the social media or 'New media', as well as for a number of Arab countries. New media has changed its role from spreading information about events in the world to playing an arguably significant role in the political actions against governments in the Arab world. It has been suggested that social media played a vital role in toppling totalitarian governments in the Arab World and the uprisings are ongoing. The current Revolutions are spreading to other states in the region and it is claimed that it has been facilitated by social media. According to the Guardian (2012) it is probable that ''In December 2010, a man in Tunisia burned himself to death in protest at his treatment by police. What followed was an extraordinary year as pro democracy rebellions erupted across the Middle East.'' Similarly, on 11th February 2011 the uprisings moved to Egypt and protesters broke down Hosni Mubarak's regime in approximately a month; Mubarak had led the country for 30 years. Then, on 15th February 2011, the revolution started in Libya against the Gaddafi regime and spread to Bahrain on 14th March 2011 but the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Gulf States sent troops into Bahrain to support the Sunni Al Khalifa kingship after a revolt by the kingdom's subjugated Shia majority. Subsequently, Syria was the fifth Arab country in the region that continues to face strong demonstrations by the majority of Syrian people on 18th March 2011 against Bashar al-Assad. Al-Assad's troops killed five demonstrators in the southern city of Deraa and the revolt has not reached its purpose yet. Finally, Yemen is the last country in the region to join the Arab Spring on 3 rd June 2011 Yemenis started the uprising against President Ali Abdullah Saleh. In addition, BBC (2013) explains that the battle in Syria started in early 2011, and after that the protests took everywhere and people followed the actions against Assad s Regime and until 2013 more than 100,000 dead and millions exiled. METHOD The methodology that will be useful for this research is qualitative methods. The researchers use content analysis to analyze the data which would be collected by depending on both primary (collecting documents through online sources and conducting survey) and secondary data from academic research, books, journal articles and online resources. Hence, collecting and analyzing data by using a qualitative methodology and content analysis approach will be the research methodology. In this research, both of primary and secondary resources will be used. The primary data for this research will be collecting data from the Syria public sphere, newspaper, social media, traditional technology, and especially Facebook pages which are playing a role in the event of Syrian revolution and the revolutionists were depending on it as a source of news and information during the uprising. Furthermore, there are several different arguments debating the nature of the social media and its positive and negative impacts on the new life tendency. Here, both the positive and negative views on the issue would be discussed and analyzed in order to find some new facts to be sure about the research s hypothesis. We depend on several secondary data such as those kinds which focus on different views of scholars like Evgeny Morozov who is quite negative about the role of internet in the revolutions. However, we will focus down on Clay Shirky, Zeynep Tufekci1 and Malcolm Gladwell who are positive about the role of social media in the social movements. International Conference on Communication, Media, Technology and Design 24 26 April 2014, Istanbul – Turkey

Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Ahmad2014TheRO, title={The Role of Social Media in the ‘Syrian Uprising’}, author={Araz Ramazan Ahmad and Nazakat Hussain Hamasaeed}, year={2014} }