The Role of Rumination in Recovery from Reactivity: Cardiovascular Consequences of Emotional States

  title={The Role of Rumination in Recovery from Reactivity: Cardiovascular Consequences of Emotional States},
  author={Laura M. Glynn and Nicholas Christenfeld and William Gerin},
  journal={Psychosomatic Medicine},
Objective While most investigations of the link between blood pressure responses and later disease have focused on acute reactivity during stressful tasks, there is some theoretical and empirical reason to believe that examining recovery and later re-creations of BP responses may also be useful. Two experiments explored situational determinants of sustained BP elevations, examining whether the extent of recovery and the ability to later mentally recreate the response are influenced by the… 

Recreating cardiovascular responses with rumination: the effects of a delay between harassment and its recall.

  • L. GlynnN. ChristenfeldW. Gerin
  • Psychology
    International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology
  • 2007

The Role of Angry Rumination and Distraction in Blood Pressure Recovery From Emotional Arousal

People who have a tendency to ruminate about past anger-provoking events may be at greater risk for target organ damage as a result of sustained blood pressure elevations; the effect is exacerbated when distractions are not available to interrupt the ruminative process.

Cardiovascular and affective consequences of ruminating on a performance stressor depend on mode of thought.

Results suggest that the immediate physiological and psychological consequences of stressor-focused rumination depend upon mode of thought, and level of construal (abstract or concrete) and type of mentation (imagery or verbal thought) used during Stressor- focused rumination may shape physiological and affective responses and impact recovery.

The Effect of Trait Rumination on Adaptation to Repeated Stress

It is suggested that trait rumination may contribute to sustained increases in blood pressure by influencing adaptation to mental stress.

The role of affect and rumination in cardiovascular recovery from stress.

The Effects of Rumination on Psychological and Biological Recovery from Stress in Depression

of a dissertation at the University of Miami. Dissertation supervised by Professor Jutta Joormann. No. of pages in text. (105) Diathesis-stress models of depression highlight that stress triggers the

The effects of rumination, hostility, and distraction on cardiovascular reactivity and recovery from anger recall in healthy women


Rumination in the laboratory: what happens when you go back to everyday life?

Rumination during the day was a strong predictor of AHR, ABP, and mood and increased negative mood compared to distraction and BP reactivity in the laboratory and increases in ABP during rumination were related.

Rumination and Cortisol Responses to Laboratory Stressors

Results suggest that the nature of the relationship between cortisol activation and rumination may be contingent on how rumination is conceptualized and measured.

Hostility and anger in: cardiovascular reactivity and recovery to mental arithmetic stress.

  • Elizabeth VellaB. Friedman
  • Medicine, Psychology
    International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology
  • 2009



Emotional reactivity and elevated blood pressure.

  • S. Melamed
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Psychosomatic medicine
  • 1987
The results showed that subjects with elevated systolic BP (SBP) scored significantly higher on the ER scale than the controls and this was true for both sexes, andThis was particularly true for those over 40.

Emotional Reactivity, Defensiveness, and Ambulatory Cardiovascular Response at Work

Both high ER and low defensiveness were independently shown to be effective in identifying persons who might display recurrent tension arousal and pressure responses at work as well as high baseline BP values.

Negative emotions and acute physiological responses to stress

The results raise questions about the role of emotion in mediating stress-elicited physiological responses, and the nature of the acute laboratory stress paradigm may contribute to the lack of a strong association.

Association between delayed recovery of blood pressure after acute mental stress and parental history of hypertension

Parental history of hypertension may affect the duration of the blood pressure response to an acute stressor more than the magnitude of the response.

The social construction of cardiovascular reactivity

It is argued that careful attention to psychological naturalism is essential, with the testing carefully matched to specific real-world phenomena of interest, when testing in arbitrary and artificial settings cannot be expected to generalize well to the real world.

Gender, anger expression style, and opportunity for anger release determine cardiovascular reaction to and recovery from anger provocation.

Investigation of how gender and habitual style for anger‐in or anger‐out behavior modulate the effect of anger provocation and release found anger expression style as a trait‐type disposition was important for the recovery process in women whereas the situational manipulation had specific effects on the Recovery process of men.

Sex differences in cardiovascular reactivity: effects of the gender relevance of the stressor.

The role of the gender relevance of the stressor as a mediator of sex differences in cardiovascular reactivity was examined and predicted men were expected to show greater CVR than women to the masculine CPT but not to the gender-neutral CPT.

Ruminative Response Style and Vulnerability to Episodes of Dysphoria: Gender, Neuroticism, and Episode Duration

A number of recent laboratory and prospectivefield studies suggest that the tendency to ruminateabout dysphoric moods is associated with more severe andpersistent negative emotional experiences

Race, parental history of hypertension, and patterns of cardiovascular reactivity in women.

The results provide limited support for the idea that Black females exhibit a greater pressor response than White females to a stimulus that produces primarily vascular rather than cardiac changes.