The Role of Resistance Exercise in Weight Loss

  title={The Role of Resistance Exercise in Weight Loss},
  author={Jeffrey L. Alexander},
  journal={Strength and Conditioning Journal},
SUCCESSFUL WEIGHT LOSS IS achieved through the creation of a negative energy balance, wherein the amount of energy taken in is less than the amount burned or utilized through physical activity and/or exercise. There are 2 factors to energy balance: energy intake and energy expenditure. Weight loss can only be achieved through modifying one or both of these factors. The focus of this report is on energy expenditure, keeping in mind that any reduction in energy intake will add to the effects of… Expand
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Effects of resistance vs. aerobic training combined with an 800 calorie liquid diet on lean body mass and resting metabolic rate.
The addition of an intensive, high volume resistance training program resulted in preservation of LBW and RMR during weight loss with a VLCD. Expand
Muscle hypertrophy with large-scale weight loss and resistance training.
It appears that weight training can produce hypertrophy in skeletal muscle during severe energy restriction and large-scale weight loss. Expand
Increased energy requirements and changes in body composition with resistance training in older adults.
Resistance training is an effective way to increase energy requirements, decrease body-fat mass, and maintain metabolically active tissue mass in healthy older people and may be useful as an adjunct to weight-control programs for older adults. Expand
Energy expenditure and substrate utilization in older women after strength training: 24-h calorimeter results.
Examination of strength training in healthy older women in a total body ST program revealed a significant increase in 24-h fat oxidation and a decrease in carbohydrate oxidation, and EE components and substrate utilization were determined before and after training. Expand
Long-term effects of dieting on resting metabolic rate in obese outpatients.
Neither dietary regimen, combined with modest physical activity, was associated with long-term reductions in resting metabolic rate that exceeded decreases anticipated with the achievement of a lower body weight. Expand
Endurance training increases metabolic rate and norepinephrine appearance rate in older individuals.
It is concluded that endurance training increases total energy expenditure in older individuals by the direct energy cost of physical activity and by elevating RMR, partially mediated by an increased NE appearance rate and increased food intake in healthy older individuals. Expand
Effect of acute resistance exercise on postexercise energy expenditure and resting metabolic rate.
Strenuous resistive exercise may elevate PEMR for a prolonged period and may enhance postexercise lipid oxidation. Expand
Effect of acute resistance exercise on postexercise oxygen consumption and resting metabolic rate in young women.
  • K. Osterberg, C. Melby
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism
  • 2000
Results indicate that among young women, acute strenuous resistance exercise of the nature used in this study is capable of producing modest but prolonged elevations of postexercise metabolic rate and possibly fat oxidation. Expand
Strength training increases resting metabolic rate and norepinephrine levels in healthy 50- to 65-yr-old men.
It is indicated that a heavy-resistance strength-training program increases RMR in healthy older men, perhaps by increasing FFM and sympathetic nervous system activity. Expand
Resting metabolic rate and coronary-heart-disease risk factors in aerobically and resistance-trained women.
Aerobic training in young women seems to increase the rate of metabolic activity of resting tissues whereas resistance training does not, and no differences were found in cardiovascular risk in young nonobese women of differing exercise status. Expand