The Role of Protective Factors in Supporting the Academic Achievement of Poor African American Students During the Middle School Transition

  title={The Role of Protective Factors in Supporting the Academic Achievement of Poor African American Students During the Middle School Transition},
  author={Leslie Morrison Gutman and Carol Midgley},
  journal={Journal of Youth and Adolescence},
  • L. Gutman, C. Midgley
  • Published 1 April 2000
  • Education, Psychology
  • Journal of Youth and Adolescence
In this study of 62 African American families living in poverty, we examined the main and interactive effects of psychological, family, and school factors on students' grade point average across the middle school transition. Both parent interviews and student surveys were collected, resulting in three major findings. First, students experienced a significant decline in grade point average across the transition from elementary to middle school. Second, students who felt more academically… 
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