The Role of Party Activists in the Evolution of the Abortion Issue

@article{Carmines2002TheRO,
  title={The Role of Party Activists in the Evolution of the Abortion Issue},
  author={E. Carmines and James A. Woods},
  journal={Political Behavior},
  year={2002},
  volume={24},
  pages={361-377}
}
This article examines the role of party activists in the partisan evolution of the abortion issue. Previous research indicates that party elites—specifically members of Congress—and partisans in the mass public have become more differentiated in their abortion attitudes during the last several decades with Democrats becoming more pro-choice and Republicans becoming increasingly pro-life. The missing piece of the picture is the behavior of party activists. Accordingly, this research examines the… Expand
How Abortion Became a Partisan Issue: Media Coverage of the Interest Group‐Political Party Connection
That Democrats are widely perceived as a pro-choice party while Republicans are generally perceived as a pro-life party seems apparent to even the most casual observer of American politics. Yet, thisExpand
Understanding the Gender and Partisan Dynamics of Abortion Voting in the House of Representatives
Analyzing votes on abortion-related legislation from the 103rd (1993–94) to the 115th (2017–18) Congresses, we find that both gender and party influence members’ voting behavior. Among Republicans,Expand
The Policy Polarization of Party Activists in the United States
This article investigates how a key stratum of the partisan elite—party activists—have been positioned across time and policy issues. We examine the extent to which activists have polarizedExpand
Party Activists, Interest Groups, and Polarization in American Politics
• Parties are more than their formal structures. They cannot be understood without attention to the role of both activists and party-aligned interest groups. • The policy preferences of activists andExpand
Litmus Test Conformity in American Politics: Republican Party Platforms and the Presidential Politics of Abortion, 1976-2008
Abortion was legalized in the United States in 1973, and the Republican Party platform voiced its support of a constitutional amendment to ban the procedure in 1976. Throughout the last threeExpand
The Pro-Choice Republican's Political Right to Life
Abortion has evolved into a highly partisan issue that now defines both the Republican and Democratic parties. Though it remains a salient political issue, it is unclear how abortion affects voteExpand
Assessing the ideological extremism of American party activists
In this article, we investigate whether it is appropriate to generalize about the ideological and demographic characteristics of American party activists. Many studies on party polarization emphasizeExpand
Policy making at the margins: the modern politics of abortion
Scholars often argue that republican government works because elected representatives adopt policies favored by their constituents. Theoretically, this relationship is stronger with morality issuesExpand
Do Abortion Attitudes Lead to Party Switching?
The notion that issues and ideology can move partisanship remains controversial. The authors explore the stronger claim that issues can lead people to switch political parties and whether the effectExpand
The Sociopolitical Context of Abortion Bill Authorship in Texas
This study examines abortion bills proposed in the Texas legislature between 1993 and 2015 to explore how legislators respond to the power resources of minorities versus the (supposed) threat thatExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-9 OF 9 REFERENCES
Asymmetry in the Political System: Occasional Activists in the Republican and Democratic Parties, 1956–1964 *
By means of the Survey Research Center's national public opinion polls of the electorate during the 1956, 1960, and 1964 elections, the opinions of volunteer activists in the Republican andExpand
Abortion: Evidence of an Issue Evolution
Theory: Using Carmines and Stimson's issue evolution model of partisan change, I argue that the abortion issue has transformed the two major United States political parties and that this processExpand
The Understanding of Ideological Labels by Political Elites: A Research Note
T he missing piece of our puzzle [of democratic politics]," wrote Key, "is this elite element of the opinion system" (1961: 536). Key's comment thirty years ago dealt with the state of public opinionExpand
The great divide : religious and cultural conflict in American party politics
PrefaceIntroduction: Cultural Conflict in American Society and Politics1. Explaining Religious and Cultural Changes in the Party System2. Conceptualizing Religion and Religion-Based PoliticalExpand
Consensus and Ideology in American Politics
The belief that consensus is a prerequisite of democracy has, since deTocqueville, so often been taken for granted that it is refreshing to find the notion now being challenged. Prothro and Grigg,Expand
Partisan approaches to postwar American politics
Parties have often been the central intermediaries of politics, gathering and presenting the main actors and the main programs, while linking individual citizens with governmental institutions,Expand
Why parties? : the origin and transformation of political parties in America
Acknowledgments Pt. 1: Political Parties and Democracy 1: Politics and Parties in America 2: Why Parties Form Pt. 2: Party Formation in America, 1790-1860 3: Founding the First Parties: InstitutionsExpand
Issue Evolution: Race and the Transformation of American Politics
The Description for this book, Issue Evolution: Race and the Transformation of American Politics, will be forthcoming.