The Role of Optimism in Stress and Coping of Undergraduate Students in Goa

  title={The Role of Optimism in Stress and Coping of Undergraduate Students in Goa},
  author={Brian Pacheco and Dr. Shanmukh V. Kamble},
The present study was designed to study the relationship between optimism, stress and coping with stress. The sample for the study comprised of 500 undergraduate students from colleges in Goa. Three measures—‘Life Orientation Test-Revised’ by Scheier & Carver (1994), ‘Perceived Stress Scale’ by Cohen, Kamarck, & Mermelstein (1983), and ‘COPE’ by Carver, Scheier, & Weintraub (1989) were administered to participants. The findings of the research indicate a moderate negative relationship between… 

Tables from this paper

Association between schizotypal personality trait and dispositional optimism among prisoners: Findings from some selected male prisoners in a Nigerian prison
Abstract Optimism is shown to predict effective long-term rehabilitation, physical/mental health, and prevention of recidivism among prisoners. However, knowledge is scarce on factors that may
The Effect of Perceived Optimism on Body Image of Indian Young Adults
Optimism is associated with positive body image as it exerts it’s influence on positive body image through an expectancy judgment about the likelihood of acquiring a feared fat self. The study aims
Dreaming of a Brighter Future: Anticipating Happiness Instills Meaning in Life
We theorized and tested that people’s predictions of their future as brighter than the present fulfill an important purpose: they give a sense of meaning to life. We systematically tested this
Optimism and happiness in undergraduate students: Cognitive flexibility and adjustment to university life as mediators
Título: Optimismo y felicidad en estudiantes universitarios: flexibilidad cognitiva y adaptación a la vida universitaria como mediadores. Resumen: De acuerdo con el objetivo del enfoque de psicología


Optimism, perceived control over stress, and coping
To examine the ability of the expectancy‐based personality dimensions dispositional optimism and perceived control over stress to predict the ways in which people characteristically attempt to cope
Coping with stress: divergent strategies of optimists and pessimists.
Examining how optimists differ from pessimists in the kinds of coping strategies that they use revealed modest but reliable positive correlations between optimism and problem-focused coping, seeking of social support, and emphasizing positive aspects of the stressful situation.
Modeling cognitive adaptation: a longitudinal investigation of the impact of individual differences and coping on college adjustment and performance.
Drawing on cognitive adaptation theory, optimism, psychological control, and self-esteem were explored as longitudinal predictors of adjustment to college in a sample of 672 freshmen and indicated that self- esteem and control predicted greater motivation and higher grades, controlling for college entrance exam scores.
Optimism is associated with mood, coping, and immune change in response to stress.
Optism was associated with better mood, higher numbers of helper T cells, and higher natural killer cell cytotoxicity among law students in their first semester of study.
Assessing coping strategies: a theoretically based approach.
A multidimensional coping inventory to assess the different ways in which people respond to stress was developed and an initial examination of associations between dispositional and situational coping tendencies was allowed.
How coping mediates the effect of optimism on distress: a study of women with early stage breast cancer.
Path analyses suggested that several coping reactions played mediating roles in the effect of optimism on distress; acceptance and the use of humor prospectively predicted lower distress; denial and disengagement predicted more distress.
Optimism, coping, and health: assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies.
  • M. Scheier, C. Carver
  • Psychology
    Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
  • 1985
A scale measuring dispositional optimism, defined in terms of generalized outcome expectancies, was used in a longitudinal study of symptom reporting among a group of undergraduates and predicted that subjects who initially reported being highly optimistic were subsequently less likely to report being bothered by symptoms.
Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): a reevaluation of the Life Orientation Test.
Examination of the scale on somewhat different grounds, however, does suggest that future applications can benefit from its revision, and a minor modification to the Life Orientation Test is described, along with data bearing on the revised scale's psychometric properties.
Optimism, pessimism, and psychological well-being.
Presents an overview of research on the effects of an optimistic orientation to life on psychological well-being. The chapter begins by commenting on a distinction between two ways of assessing
Coping with Missile Attack: Resources, Strategies, and Outcomes
ABSTRACT The coping process was examined in a group of Israeli subjects experiencing SCUD missile attacks during the Persian Gulf War. We were interested in examining the relationship of coping