The Role of Manipulation in the Antisocial Personality

  title={The Role of Manipulation in the Antisocial Personality},
  author={Paul J. Hofer},
  journal={International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology},
  pages={101 - 91}
  • P. Hofer
  • Published 1 September 1989
  • Psychology
  • International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Rather than being ajustification for treatment termination, manipulation is a psychological defense which plays an essential identity-stabilizing role in the psychic economy of antisocial personalities. As a psychological defense, manipulation is interpretable, revealing the point offixation and the infantile object relations that remain pathologically activated in adulthood. It issuggested that the defense of manipulation emerges to compensateforfailure to complete essential identity-affirming… 

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