The Role of Family in Youth Opioid Misuse: A Literature Review

  title={The Role of Family in Youth Opioid Misuse: A Literature Review},
  author={Lovdeep Kaur and Eman Tadros and Rikki Patton},
  journal={The Family Journal},
  pages={429 - 442}
Objective: With the opioid epidemic reaching declared a public health emergency in recent years, a synthesis of recent knowledge outlining the impact of opioid use disorders on youth and families is needed. To this aim, this exploratory literature review examined how the role of family is discussed in research on youth opioid misuse, with the goal of acting as a springboard for further research and treatment development that could mitigate the negative impacts opioids are having on families and… 

Figures from this paper

Opioid overdose experiences in a sample of US adolescents and young adults: a thematic analysis.

Four broad themes emerged: adolescents/young adults had difficulty identifying overdoses due to interpreting subjective symptoms and a lack of memory of the event, this sample had difficulty perceiving risk that is misaligned with traditional understandings of overdose intentionality, adolescents/ young adults did not interpret personal overdose events as a catalyst for behavior change, and this sample experienced a greater impact to behavior change through witnessing an overdose of someone in their social network.

Becoming our young people’s case managers: caregivers’ experiences, needs, and ideas for improving opioid use treatments for young people using opioids

Caregivers’ experiences, needs, and ideas reveal critical opportunities for improving the quality of interventions for opioid use among young people, and represents a substantial contribution to the design and implementation of developmentally-appropriate and family-centred interventions.

A Latent Class Analysis of Prevention Approaches Used to Reduce Community-Level Prescription Drug Misuse in Adolescents and Young Adults

Community-based evaluations that account for variability in implemented prevention approaches may provide a more nuanced understanding of community-level effects of prescription drug misuse.



Social Influence on Adolescent Polysubstance Use: The Escalation to Opioid Use

Similar to their adult counterparts, students enrolled in recovery high school programs are likely from substance-using families and have combined complex constellations of substances including opioids by dint of their relationships with substance- using peers.

Medication-assisted treatment for youth with opioid use disorder: Current dilemmas and remaining questions

The current dilemmas and questions regarding the use of medication-assisted treatment among youth with opioid use disorder are outlined and some potential solutions based on the current evidence are proposed.

Home-based delivery of XR-NTX in youth with opioid addiction.

Opioid Misuse Among Adolescents: New Evidence from a Misclassification Analysis

The finding that a self-reported survey failed to identify over one-third of individuals at risk for N MPO use is concerning, as is the finding that approximately 17 % of those who admitted to NMPO use may have misstated their prescription-opioid source.

A group therapy program for opioid-dependent adolescents and their parents.

Completion rates and self-report of outcomes from this group program indicate promise and warrant further testing.

Opioid abuse and depression in adolescents: Results from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health.

The Opioid Epidemic: What Is a Child Psychiatrist to Do?

Maintenance treatments for opiate -dependent adolescents.

There is an urgent need for further randomised controlled trials comparing maintenance treatment with detoxification treatment or psychosocial treatment alone before carrying out studies that compare different pharmacological maintenance treatments.

Examining Rural/Urban Differences in Prescription Opioid Misuse Among US Adolescents.

  • Shannon M. MonnatKhary K. Rigg
  • Medicine
    The Journal of rural health : official journal of the American Rural Health Association and the National Rural Health Care Association
  • 2016
Researchers, policy makers, and treatment providers must consider the complex array of individual, social, and community risk and protective factors to understand rural/urban differences in adolescent POM.