The Role of Empathy in Anger Arousal in Violent Offenders and University Students

@article{Day2012TheRO,
  title={The Role of Empathy in Anger Arousal in Violent Offenders and University Students},
  author={Andrew Day and Philip Mohr and Kevin Howells and Adam Gerace and Loraine Lim},
  journal={International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology},
  year={2012},
  volume={56},
  pages={599 - 613}
}
  • A. Day, P. Mohr, L. Lim
  • Published 1 June 2012
  • Psychology, Law
  • International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
A lack of empathic responsiveness toward others has been consistently identified as an important antecedent to aggressive behavior and violent crime, with many rehabilitation programs for violent offenders incorporating treatment modules that are specifically designed to increase offender empathy. This study examined the extent to which cognitive (perspective taking) and affective (empathic concern, personal distress) empathy predicted anger in a clinical (male prisoners convicted of a violent… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

More Than a Feeling
TLDR
The importance of empathy for Criminology is discussed and a set of research examples is used to exemplify the relationships between empathy and outcomes important to criminology.
Understanding Empathy, Self-Esteem, and Adult Attachment in Sexual Offenders and Partner-Violent Men
TLDR
The present study analyzed three variables in a prison sample of sexual offenders and partner-violent men, using the Interpersonal Reactivity Index, the Rape Empathy Measure, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Adult Attachment Questionnaire, and confirmed the low utility of nonspecific empathy, the predominance of high self-esteem, andThe difficulty of identifying an insecure attachment.
A Pilot Study for Forgiveness Intervention in Adolescents With High Trait Anger: Enhancing Empathy and Harmony
TLDR
The findings indicated that forgiveness intervention provides an effective way to improve the positive mental strength of adolescents with high levels of trait anger.
The Differing Roles of Cognitive Empathy and Affective Empathy in the Relationship Between Trait Anger and Aggressive Behavior: A Chinese College Students Survey
TLDR
This study contributes to understanding of Social Information Processing Models (SIPMs) and provides insight into the relationship between empathy and aggressive behavior.
Relationship between Empathy and Aggression
Empathy plays a vital role in the social development. The inhibitory role of empathy on aggression was modulated by some factors, including age, gender, sex orientation and provocation et al. The
Explaining female offending and prosocial behavior: the role of empathy and cognitive distortions
The aim of the present study was threefold: to examine (1) the relation between both cognitive and affective empathy and prosocial behavior; (2) the relation between both cognitive and affective
The Association among Difficulties in Emotion Regulation, Hostility, and Empathy in a Sample of Young Italian Adults
TLDR
Findings support the possibility that PT skills could play a crucial role in inhibiting hostility behaviors and support the role of empathy in mediating the association between difficulties in emotion regulation and hostility.
Emotional Regulation in Male Batterers When Faced With Pictures of Intimate Partner Violence. Do They Have a Problem With Suppressing or Experiencing Emotions?
TLDR
The results of this preliminary study suggest that in psychological treatments for male batterers, it is important to promote empathy towards partners or ex-partners, along with adaptive strategies of emotional regulation.
Angry Young Men: Interpersonal Formulation of Anger to Effect Change
Young men frequently experience difficulties managing anger, but often receive very little effective help. In this chapter, we explore the reasons for this presentation, before outlining a model of
Anger parameters in parolees undergoing psychoeducation: Temporal stability, social desirability bias, and comparison with non‐offenders
TLDR
Parolees were angry more often, stayed angry longer, and reached higher levels of anger than the non-offenders, confirming their eligibility for the programme, and psychoeducation did not produce improvement.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 50 REFERENCES
Psychopathy in instrumental and reactive violent offenders.
TLDR
In two studies tested the hypothesis that instrumental offenders would score higher than reactive offenders and nonviolent offenders on R. D. Hare's (1991) Psychopathy Checklist, instrumental offenders could be reliably distinguished from reactive offenders on the basis of violent crime behavior and level of psychopathy.
The role of perspective taking in anger arousal
Affective empathy deficits in aggressive children and adolescents: a critical review.
Remediating anger and aggression with violent offenders
Purpose. Interventions for problems of anger and aggression among violent offenders are in their nascency. An overview of existing studies on anger management with violent offenders is given, along
Measuring individual differences in empathy: Evidence for a multidimensional approach.
To facilitate a multidimensional approach to empathy the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) includes 4 subscales: Perspective-Taking (PT) Fantasy (FS) Empathic Concern (EC) and Personal Distress
The relations of emotionality and regulation to dispositional and situational empathy-related responding.
TLDR
The findings provided support for the role of individual differences in emotionality and regulation in empathy-related responding and for the dispositional sympathy, personal distress, and perspective taking patterns.
The Development of CBT Programmes for Anger: The Role of Interventions to Promote Perspective-Taking Skills
Abstract Although the emotion of anger has, in recent years, been the subject of increasing theoretical analysis, there are relatively few accounts of how interventions designed to reduce problematic
...
...