The Role of Conscious Reasoning and Intuition in Moral Judgment

@article{Cushman2006TheRO,
  title={The Role of Conscious Reasoning and Intuition in Moral Judgment},
  author={Fiery Andrews Cushman and Liane Young and Marc D. Hauser},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  year={2006},
  volume={17},
  pages={1082 - 1089}
}
Is moral judgment accomplished by intuition or conscious reasoning? An answer demands a detailed account of the moral principles in question. We investigated three principles that guide moral judgments: (a) Harm caused by action is worse than harm caused by omission, (b) harm intended as the means to a goal is worse than harm foreseen as the side effect of a goal, and (c) harm involving physical contact with the victim is worse than harm involving no physical contact. Asking whether these… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Patterns of Moral Judgment Derive From Nonmoral Psychological Representations
TLDR
It is suggested that many of the specific patterns evident in the moral judgments in fact derive from nonmoral psychological mechanisms, and especially from the processes of causal and intentional attribution.
Social intuitionism and the psychology of moral reasoning
Rationalism about the psychology of moral judgment holds, among other things, that the justifying moral reasons we have for our judgments are also the causally effective reasons for why we make those
A Dissociation Between Moral Judgments and Justifications
To what extent do moral judgments depend on conscious reasoning from explicitly understood principles? We address this question by investigating one particular moral principle, the principle of the
The Limits of Emotion in Moral Judgment
  • Joshua May
  • Psychology, Philosophy
    Oxford Scholarship Online
  • 2018
TLDR
This chapter argues that the best science supports the rationalist idea that, independent of reasoning, emotions are not integral to moral judgment and, even if moral cognition is largely driven by automatic intuitions, these should not be mistaken for emotions or their non-cognitive components.
Moral Reasoning: Hints and Allegations
TLDR
It is argued that little is known about the psychology of moral reasoning and that it may yet prove to be a potent social force.
The psychology of moral reasoning
This article presents a theory of reasoning about moral propositions that is based on four fundamental principles. First, no simple criterion picks out propositions about morality from within the
Crime and punishment: Distinguishing the roles of causal and intentional analyses in moral judgment
The Role of Moral Commitments in Moral Judgment
TLDR
An experiment with 336 participants finds that individuals vary in the extent to which their moral commitments are consequentialist or deontological, and that this variation is systematically but imperfectly related to the moral judgments elicited by trolley car problems.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 58 REFERENCES
A Dissociation Between Moral Judgments and Justification
To what extent do moral judgments depend on conscious reasoning from explicitly understood principles? We address this question by investigating one particular moral principle, the principle of the
The emotional dog and its rational tail: a social intuitionist approach to moral judgment.
  • J. Haidt
  • Psychology
    Psychological review
  • 2001
TLDR
The author gives 4 reasons for considering the hypothesis that moral reasoning does not cause moral judgment; rather, moral reasoning is usually a post hoc construction, generated after a judgment has been reached.
Social intuitionists answer six questions about moral psychology.
Here are two of the biggest questions in moral psychology: (1) Where do moral beliefs and motivations come from? (2) How does moral judgment work? All other questions are easy, or at least easier,
Social intuitionists answer six questions about moral psychology.
Here are two of the biggest questions in moral psychology: (1) Where do moral beliefs and motivations come from? (2) How does moral judgment work? All other questions are easy, or at least easier,
How (and where) does moral judgment work?
The intelligence of the moral intuitions: comment on Haidt (2001).
TLDR
There is considerable evidence from outside the laboratory that people actively engage in reasoning when faced with real-world moral dilemmas, which limits the strong claims of the social intuitionist model concerning the irrelevance of conscious deliberation.
The intelligence of the moral intuitions: comment on Haidt (2001).
TLDR
There is considerable evidence from outside the laboratory that people actively engage in reasoning when faced with real-world moral dilemmas, which limits the strong claims of the social intuitionist model concerning the irrelevance of conscious deliberation.
Aspects of the Theory of Moral Cognition: Investigating Intuitive Knowledge of the Prohibition of Intentional Battery and the Principle of Double Effect
Where do our moral intuitions come from? Are they innate? Does the brain contain a module specialized for moral judgment? Does the human genetic program contain instructions for the acquisition of a
Aspects of the Theory of Moral Cognition: Investigating Intuitive Knowledge of the Prohibition of Intentional Battery and the Principle of Double Effect
Where do our moral intuitions come from? Are they innate? Does the brain contain a module specialized for moral judgment? Does the human genetic program contain instructions for the acquisition of a
An fMRI Investigation of Emotional Engagement in Moral Judgment
TLDR
It is argued that moral dilemmas vary systematically in the extent to which they engage emotional processing and that these variations in emotional engagement influence moral judgment.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...