The Role of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Treatments in Fibromyalgia: a Comprehensive Review

  title={The Role of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Treatments in Fibromyalgia: a Comprehensive Review},
  author={Amit Prabhakar and Jennifer M. Kaiser and Matthew B. Novitch and Elyse M. Cornett and Richard D. Urman and Alan David Kaye},
  journal={Current Rheumatology Reports},
Purpose of ReviewFibromyalgia is a complex chronic pain syndrome that can have debilitating consequences for affected patients. When compared to the general population, patients with fibromyalgia experience lowered mechanical and thermal pain thresholds, altered temporal summation of painful stimuli, and higher than normal pain ratings for known noxious stimuli.Recent FindingsThere is no definitive cure for fibromyalgia and treatment primarily focuses on both symptom management and improving… 

Contribution of Balneotherapy in Fibromyalgia Patients Receiving Conventional Physical Therapy

In the treatment of fibromyalgia, combination of balneotherapy with the conventional physical modalities can be considered as an effective treatment option as it positively contributes to the patients' pain, functional status, quality of life and sleep, and drug consumption.

Mindfulness as a Symptom Management Strategy for Fibromyalgia: An Integrative Review.

Introduction: Mindfulness Meditation is a complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) modality growing in popularity. Currently, mindfulness is under-studied regarding efficacy; however, it offers a

Comparison between Acupuncture and Nutraceutical Treatment with Migratens® in Patients with Fibromyalgia Syndrome: A Prospective Randomized Clinical Trial

The nutraceutical approach with Migratens® seems to be an effective option to for patients with FMS, and the experience confirmed also the validity of acupuncture in these patients.

Gender differences on psychological factors in fibromyalgia: a systematic review on male's experience.

There is still paucity of evidence on clinical characterisation and treatment options when FM occurs in males, and no studies addressed the issue of the psychopharmacological/non-pharmacological management of males with FM and comorbid psychiatric syndromes.

Fast improvements in functional status after osteopathic manipulative treatment based on myofascial release in patients with moderate or severe fibromyalgia: a retrospective study

A series of OMT sessions based on MFR could play a therapeutic role in improving functional status, pain and quality of life over a period of 4 months.

White Paper: Yoga Therapy and Pain-How Yoga Therapy Serves in Comprehensive Integrative Pain Management, and How It Can Do More.

Recommendations to providers, consumers, payers, and legislators, who together can address systemic and structural barriers to CIPM are listed, as well as suggestions for enabling the yoga therapy profession to more fully participate in these solutions.

Myalgia in myositis and myopathies.

Prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea in female patients with fibromyalgia

A clinical assessment of female patients with FM requires a multidisciplinary approach, and patients with excessive daytime sleepiness in particular are recommended to undergo polysomnography.

Effectiveness of Hydro-Galvanic Bath Therapy on Global Health Status, Quality of Life, Depression, and Pain in Individuals with Fibromyalgia – A Quasi-Experimental Study

The galvanic group who received galvanic bath therapy along with aerobic exercise for 12 weeks evoked greater change in FIQ, BDI, and SF-36 Health Survey scores compared with results of aerobic exercise alone in control group.



Complementary and alternative therapies for fibromyalgia

Nontraditional treatment alternatives are reviewed, from use of nutritional and herbal supplements to acupuncture and mindbody therapy, for fibromyalgia and other chronic musculoskeletal pain syndromes.

Complementary and Alternative Medicine for the Treatment of Fibromyalgia

Almost every FMS patient had used at least one CAM therapy for the management of FMS, and three evidence-based interdisciplinary guidelines from Canada, Germany, and Israel were compared in terms of definition and diagnostic procedures.

Evidence-Based Non-Pharmacological Therapies for Fibromyalgia

Goals for symptom management and pain control should be set early, and patient engagement remains critical in the management of this complex pain presentation, while low quality evidence exists for most non-pharmacologic treatment modalities for FM, CBT and mindfulness meditation show promise for future investigation.

New Insights into the Pathophysiology and Treatment of Fibromyalgia

The current review aims at providing an overview of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment options for fibromyalgia and the most important results from recently performed brain imaging studies providing new insights into the potential mechanisms of various therapeutic approaches.

Fibromyalgia: a clinical review.

Fibromyalgia may be considered as a discrete diagnosis or as a constellation of symptoms characterized by central nervous system pain amplification with concomitant fatigue, memory problems, and sleep and mood disturbances.

Factors predisposing to the resort of complementary therapies in patients with fibromyalgia

The relatively high cost and lack of information on complementary therapies appeared to dissuade those patients who chose not to use it, and patients using complementary therapies were less likely to be satisfied with their current hospital treatment and turned to complementary therapies in the chance of relief from their fibromyalgia.

Psychosocial factors associated with complementary treatment use in fibromyalgia.

The findings suggest that poor clinical status is a major predictor of complementary treatment use in FM, and longitudinal research is recommended to clarify the relationship between clinical status and help-seeking patterns in patients with FM over time.

Acupuncture for treating fibromyalgia.

Moderate quality evidence from six studies indicated that acupuncture (EA or MA) was no better than sham acupuncture, except for less stiffness at one month following treatment, which indicated benefits of EA.

The science of fibromyalgia.

Evidence suggests that both the ascending and descending pain pathways operate abnormally, resulting in central amplification of pain signals, analogous to the "volume control setting" being turned up too high.