The Role of Angry Rumination and Distraction in Blood Pressure Recovery From Emotional Arousal

  title={The Role of Angry Rumination and Distraction in Blood Pressure Recovery From Emotional Arousal},
  author={William Gerin and Karina W. Davidson and Nicholas Christenfeld and Tanya M. Goyal and Joseph E. Schwartz},
  journal={Psychosomatic Medicine},
Objective: Cardiovascular recovery of prestress baseline blood pressure has been implicated as a possible additional determinant of sustained blood pressure elevation. We hypothesize that angry ruminations may slow the recovery process. Method: A within-subjects design was used in which resting baseline blood pressure and heart rate measurements were assessed on 60 subjects, who then took part in two anger-recall tasks. After each task, subjects sat quietly and alone during a 12-minute recovery… 

The role of affect and rumination in cardiovascular recovery from stress.

Rumination in the laboratory: what happens when you go back to everyday life?

Rumination during the day was a strong predictor of AHR, ABP, and mood and increased negative mood compared to distraction and BP reactivity in the laboratory and increases in ABP during rumination were related.

The influence of trait and state rumination on cardiovascular recovery from a negative emotional stressor

It is suggested that rumination may play a role in the association between stress and hypertension by prolonging cardiovascular activation following stress.

The Effect of Exercise and Distraction on Blood Pressure Recovery Following an Anger-Provoking Stressor in Normotensive Young Adults

Evaluated the influence of rumination and anger on BP reactivity and recovery, to compare the effect of an exercise intervention or distraction intervention on BP recovery and to explore if exercise improved BP recovery by distracting participants from stressor-related ruminated and anger.

The effects of rumination, hostility, and distraction on cardiovascular reactivity and recovery from anger recall in healthy women


The Effect of Trait Rumination on Adaptation to Repeated Stress

It is suggested that trait rumination may contribute to sustained increases in blood pressure by influencing adaptation to mental stress.

Psychological and cumulative cardiovascular effects of repeated angry rumination and visuospatial suppression.

The autonomic phenotype of rumination.

Physiological Responses to Narrative Anger Recall and Correlates to Anger, Forgiveness, and Rumination

Abstract. Narrative recall, or describing an event from one’s past, is a common method to study anger in the laboratory. However, most research using this method has not included a neutral speaking

Trait rumination moderates the effect of mentation type on heart rate responses to stressor recall

Results suggest that mentation type may be a key in understanding the relationship between rumination and cardiovascular activation, especially for trait ruminators.



The Role of Rumination in Recovery from Reactivity: Cardiovascular Consequences of Emotional States

Two experiments explored situational determinants of sustained BP elevations, examining the extent of recovery and the ability to later mentally recreate the response are influenced by the magnitude or emotionality of the initial task and also whether preventing rumination after a stressor has ended speeds recovery.

Hostility and distraction have differential influences on cardiovascular recovery from anger recall in women.

Results indicate deleterious influences of hostility on cardiovascular recovery but not during anger recall, and show beneficial effects of distraction in expediting cardiovascular recovery, possibly through reducing rumination and anger.

Regulating responses to anger: effects of rumination and distraction on angry mood.

In the present series of experiments, women were more likely to choose to ruminate when in a neutral mood but to distract themselves following induction of an angry mood, whereas distraction decreased or had no effect on anger.

Anticipatory and residual effects of an active coping task on pre- and post-stress baselines.

Cardiovascular recovery from laboratory stress: biopsychosocial concomitants in older adults.

Association between delayed recovery of blood pressure after acute mental stress and parental history of hypertension

Parental history of hypertension may affect the duration of the blood pressure response to an acute stressor more than the magnitude of the response.

The Yale Interpersonal Stressor (YIPS): Affective, physiological, and behavioral responses to a novel interpersonal rejection paradigm

The Yale Interpersonal Stressor provides an alternative to traditional, achievement-oriented laboratory stressors and may allow for the identification of individuals most vulnerable to interpersonal stress.

Psychological and physical stress-induced cardiovascular reactivity and diurnal blood pressure variation in women with different work shifts.

Cardiovascular reactivity triggered by psychological and physical stress in the laboratory may be a weak, but significant, determinant of diurnal BP variation; in addition, work shift appears to moderate the relationship between these two pressor mechanisms.

Anger Expression and Incident Hypertension

Findings support the hypothesis that extreme expression of anger in either direction has adverse cardiovascular consequences and provide strong epidemiological evidence for a positive relationship between anger expression style and subsequent hypertension, independent of known risk factors.