The Role of Analogy in George Gamow's Derivation of Drop Energy

  title={The Role of Analogy in George Gamow's Derivation of Drop Energy},
  author={Joseph P. Little},
  journal={Technical Communication Quarterly},
  pages={220 - 238}
  • J. Little
  • Published 17 March 2008
  • Physics
  • Technical Communication Quarterly
This article examines the role of the liquid drop analogy in George Gamow's theory of nuclear structure and his subsequent derivation of nuclear energy. It argues that the correspondences constituting the analogy served distinct but cooperative ends, requiring Gamow to posit a relatively simple nuclear geometry that set him apart from his contemporaries, mostly shell theorists, and led to his successful derivation of nuclear energy in the fall of 1928. 

Analogy in William Rowan Hamilton's New Algebra

This essay offers the first analysis of analogy in research-level mathematics, taking as its case the 1837 treatise of William Rowan Hamilton. Analogy spatialized Hamilton's key concepts—knowledge

‘Of Water Drops and Atomic Nuclei: Analogies and Pursuit Worthiness in Science’

  • Rune Nyrup
  • Environmental Science
    The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
  • 2020
This article highlights a use of analogies in science that so far has received relatively little systematic discussion: providing reasons for pursuing a model or theory. Using the development of the

From Chick to Child: The Role of Analogy in the Making of Thorndike's Educational Science

In this article, the first to analyze the role of analogy in Edward Thorndike's educational vision, I argue that the feat of Thorndike's analogy-making was his ability to launch an experimental

An argument against global no miracles arguments

A way to directly bound the probability of truth is suggested, which can become incompatible with the assumption specific testing and Dawid and Hartmann’s estimate for success.

Resources for Research on Analogy: A Multi-disciplinary Guide

Work on analogy has been done from a number of disciplinary perspectives throughout the history of Western thought. This work is a multidisciplinary guide to theorizing about analogy. It contains

Analogy in Scientific Argumentation

Analogical reasoning has long been an important tool in the production of scientific knowledge, yet many scientists remain hesitant to fully endorse (or even admit) its use. As the teachers of

Instrument to Evidence to Argument: Visual Mediation of Invisible Phenomena in Scientific Discourse


Analogies: Through the Point of View of Pre-Service Science Teachers

Pre-service science teachers' view of the usage of analogy and their competency to practice analogy were determined, which stated that analogies should be used to eliminate misconceptions, to join the social life with science and they noted that they require effort and attention.




The Origin of the Liquid-Drop Model and the Interpretation of Nuclear Fission

This article addresses the historical problem of how it was possible for Lise Meitner and her nephew Otto Robert Frisch to arrive at their novel interpretation of nuclear fission at the end of 1938.

Gamow’s Theory of Alpha-Decay

George Gamow burst upon the European community of physicists like a meteor from outer space. The origin of his trajectory was distant Leningrad; his point of impact was Gottingen;. The time was

Marbles, dimples, rubber sheets, and quantum wells: The role of analogy in the rhetoric of science

"delegitimate any work that has been done on scientific style and arrangement and any attention that has been paid to ethical and pathetical proofs in science" (252) by scholars in sociology and

Inward bound : of matter and forces in the physical world / Abraham Pais

Purpose and plan PART I: 1895-1945: A HISTORY The new rays From uranic rays to radioactivity The first particle Interlude: earliest physiological discoveries Radioactivity's three early puzzles

The shift from metaphor to analogy in western science

Analogy and metaphor are central to scientific thought. They figure in discovery, as in Rutherford's analogy of the solar system for the atom or Faraday's use of lines of magnetized iron filings to

Analogy in science: Where do we go from here?

Abstract Rhetoric of science has come a long way in understanding the role of analogy in scientific language and thought. Further progress is hindered, however, by the analytic and methodological

Mass Defect Curve and Nuclear Constitution

In the discussion before the Royal Society on the constitution of the atomic nucleus held on February 7, 1929,* I proposed a simple model of a nucleus built from α-particles in a way very similar to

The Constitution of Atoms and Molecules

DR. VAN DEN BROEK'S letter (NATURE, May 7, p. 241) contains one or two misapprehensions of the views put forward in my paper (Phil. Mag., April, 1914), and I shall accordingly endeavour to make my

The Structure of the Atom

I CONCUR with Prof. Rutherford (NATURE, December 11, p. 423) that the work by Moseley in the current number of the Philosophical Magazine, which was not published, and was quite unknown to me when I

Discussion on the structure of atomic nuclei

Sir Ernest Rutherford: It was on March 19, 1914, that the Royal Society held its last discussion on the constitution of the atom—just fifteen years ago. I had the honour to open the discussion on