The Role of Air–Sea Interaction in Controlling the Optimal Perturbations of Low-Frequency Tropical Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Modes


In this paper the structure and dynamics of the optimal perturbations of tropical low-frequency coupled ocean– atmosphere oscillations relevant to El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) are explored. These optimal perturbations yield information about potential precursors for ENSO events, and about the fundamental dynamical processes that may control… (More)


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