The Rod and the Serpent: History’s Ultimate Healing Symbol

  title={The Rod and the Serpent: History’s Ultimate Healing Symbol},
  author={Stavros Athanasios Antoniou and George A. Antoniou and Robert Learney and Frank Alexander Granderath and Athanasios I. Antoniou},
  journal={World Journal of Surgery},
The snake has served as a medical emblem for more than 2400 years, since its association with the ancient Greek god of medicine and healing, Asclepius, in the 4th century BC. Its symbolic background can be traced further back to the worship of gods of earth’s blossom in ancient Egypt and earth-related deities of the archaic period of Greek antiquity. It is featured entwined around a staff of knowledge and wisdom in most anaglyphs depicting Asclepius. The snake was impressed in the Old and the… Expand
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This current essay is an attempt to discover and interpret how the snake came to be part of the rod of Asclepius and the caduceus, and constitute the symbol of medicine in the authors' days. Expand
Asclepius and the Snake as Toxicological Symbols in Ancient Greece and Rome
Since antiquity, the snake has been regarded as a totem of rebirth and a symbolic of both medicine and toxicology. Expand
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  • 2002
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[Snake as a symbol in medicine and pharmacy - a historical study].
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The Rod and Serpent of Asklepios
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