The Rock Painting/Xela:ls of the Tsleil-Waututh: A Historicized Coast Salish Practice

@article{Arnett2018TheRP,
  title={The Rock Painting/Xela:ls of the Tsleil-Waututh: A Historicized Coast Salish Practice},
  author={Chris Arnett and Jesse Morin},
  journal={Ethnohistory},
  year={2018},
  volume={65},
  pages={101-127}
}
This article argues that the red-ocher paintings (pictographs) in Coast Salish Tsleil-Waututh territory in Indian Arm, British Columbia, were made around the time of contact in specific response to demographic collapse caused by smallpox. Tsleil-Waututh people selected fifteen distinctive geological features along the shoreline of Indian Arm for marking. It is suggested that these locations were highly significant places to past Tsleil-Waututh people because they were physical embodiments of… 
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Hunter-Gatherers Harvested and Heated Microbial Biogenic Iron Oxides to Produce Rock Art Pigment
TLDR
Microanalysis of rock art pigments from the North American Pacific Northwest reveals a sophisticated use of iron oxide produced by the biomineralizing bacterium Leptothrix ochracea, indicating that controlled use of pyrotechnology was a key feature of how biogenic iron oxides were prepared into paint.

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