The Rock Painting/Xela:ls of the Tsleil-Waututh: A Historicized Coast Salish Practice

  title={The Rock Painting/Xela:ls of the Tsleil-Waututh: A Historicized Coast Salish Practice},
  author={Chris Arnett and Jesse Morin},
This article argues that the red-ocher paintings (pictographs) in Coast Salish Tsleil-Waututh territory in Indian Arm, British Columbia, were made around the time of contact in specific response to demographic collapse caused by smallpox. Tsleil-Waututh people selected fifteen distinctive geological features along the shoreline of Indian Arm for marking. It is suggested that these locations were highly significant places to past Tsleil-Waututh people because they were physical embodiments of… 
3 Citations

Figures and Tables from this paper

Hunter-Gatherers Harvested and Heated Microbial Biogenic Iron Oxides to Produce Rock Art Pigment
Microanalysis of rock art pigments from the North American Pacific Northwest reveals a sophisticated use of iron oxide produced by the biomineralizing bacterium Leptothrix ochracea, indicating that controlled use of pyrotechnology was a key feature of how biogenic iron oxides were prepared into paint.


Lac Wapizagonke in Quebec (1, 2, 3, 4). These pictographs, usually painted with red ochre on rock cliffs, are of considerable archaeological importance. It is quite possible that a significant number
Brushed by Cedar, Living by the River: Coast Salish Figures of Power
A brilliant, experimental ethnography, Brushed by Cedar is destined to change the way anthropologists write about the people they befriend. Crisca Bierwert has created a fresh poststructural
Forgotten waters: A zooarchaeological analysis of the Cove Cliff site (DhRr 18), Indian Arm, British Columbia
The Gulf of Georgia is among the most comprehensively studied regions on the Northwest Coast. However, few archaeological studies focus on Late Phase sites (1 200 B.P.-250 B.P.) especially those in
These Mysterious People: Shaping History and Archaeology in a Northwest Coast Community
Focusing on the Musqueam people and a contentious archaeological site in Vancouver, These Mysterious People details the relationship between the Musqueam and researchers from the late-nineteenth
The Pitt Lake Pictograph Sites
This volume contains reports on the preliminary findings of archaeological salvage projects carried out by the Department of Archaeology at Simon Fraser University during the summer of 1971. A total
The Plateau Prophet Dance among the Coast Salish
  • W. Suttles
  • Linguistics
    Southwestern Journal of Anthropology
  • 1957
THE SUBJECT of messianic movements, revival cults, and related phenomena has continued to hold the interest of students of culture change. The occurrence of these movements among American Indians has
Mourning Dove: A Salishan Autobiography by Mourning Dove (review)
inside out. Nora Marks Dauenhauer’s first language is Tlingit, and she is one of the foremost authorities doing translation work from her native tongue into English. These poems are informed by that
Indian Petroglyphs of the Pacific Northwest
Professor Mitchell's assessment of Indian Petroglyphs of the Pacific Northwest in EC Studies No. 28 is unbalanced and unjust. He writes: "As the introductory chapters and appended material are not
Voices of Disaster: Smallpox around the Strait of Georgia in 1782
This essay considers native and non-native evidence for smallpox around the Strait of Georgia and Puget Sound in the late eighteenth century. It concludes that smallpox devastated the Salish peoples
The Battle at Maple Bay: The Dynamics of Coast Salish Political Organization Through Oral Histories
In the mid-nineteenth century, an alliance of Coast Salish groups engaged in a maritime canoe battle against the Kwakwaka'wakw Lekwiltok at Maple Bay on Vancouver Island in the Pacific Northwest