The Risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Transmission from Pediatric Index Cases to School Pupils.

@article{Piccini2017TheRO,
  title={The Risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Transmission from Pediatric Index Cases to School Pupils.},
  author={Paola Piccini and Elisabetta Venturini and Lucia Bianchi and Simonetta Baretti and Paolo Filidei and Luana Paliaga and Franca Mazzoli and Elena Chiappini and Marina De Martino and L Galli},
  journal={The Pediatric infectious disease journal},
  year={2017},
  volume={36 5},
  pages={
          525-528
        }
}
This study is the largest report on Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission rate (TR) from children with pulmonary tuberculosis to school pupils. Higher TR (around 21.6%) was observed in contacts of smear-positive children. TR from pediatric smear-negative index cases was around 0. If our data are confirmed, school contacts of a smear-negative index case could be screened only by clinical evaluation and tuberculin skin test, avoiding the routine use of chest radiographs in children less than 5… CONTINUE READING
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