The Rise of the Rhetorical First Lady: Politics, Gender Ideology, and Women's Voice, 1789-2002

@article{ParryGiles2002TheRO,
  title={The Rise of the Rhetorical First Lady: Politics, Gender Ideology, and Women's Voice, 1789-2002},
  author={Shawn J. Parry‐Giles and Diane M. Blair},
  journal={Rhetoric \& Public Affairs},
  year={2002},
  volume={5},
  pages={565 - 599}
}
This essay maps the rise of the rhetorical first lady from Martha Washington through Laura Bush, contextualizing the public and private documents of these political women within the gender ideology of their time. In the process of evidencing the ways in which the first lady role both empowers and restricts the performance of the first lady, we illustrate the political contributions of first ladies from 1789 to 1920 in the areas of social politicking and benevolent volunteerism, which served as… 

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