The Rise of the Nation-State across the World, 1816 to 2001

  title={The Rise of the Nation-State across the World, 1816 to 2001},
  author={Andreas Wimmer and Yuval Feinstein},
  journal={American Sociological Review},
  pages={764 - 790}
Why did the nation-state proliferate across the world over the past 200 years, replacing empires, kingdoms, city-states, and the like? Using a new dataset with information on 145 of today’s states from 1816 to the year they achieved nation-statehood, we test key aspects of modernization, world polity, and historical institutionalist theories. Event history analysis shows that a nation-state is more likely to emerge when a power shift allows nationalists to overthrow or absorb the established… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

World Polity Matters
Did the nation-state spread due to global diffusion? Wimmer and Feinstein’s 2010 ASR article concludes that there are no “world polity” influences on the rise of the nation-state; rather, the spread
Nationalism and War: Is nationalism the cause or consequence of the end of empire?
This chapter addresses the question of whether and to what degree nationalism was the cause or the consequence of imperial collapse. We go about this task in four steps. The first three steps use
The Future of Nation – States in Africa beyond the 21st Century: Federalism or Secession
This paper underscores that nation–states are very important fabrics of polity given that their existence and form determine and shape them for sovereign endowments and ultimately international
Wither the Nation-State?: A Comparative Analysis of Nationalism in Textbooks
What happens to the historic nationalizing purpose of schooling in an era of pervasive globalization? We address this question by examining patterns and predictors of nationalist emphases in 576
Identity, Contingency, and Interaction: Historical Research and Social Science Analysis of Nation-State Proliferation
Abstract Scholars of nation-building and secession tend to prioritize elite or broader nationalist activism when explaining the proliferation of nation-states. Yet, recent historical research reveals
Nation Building. A Long-Term Perspective and Global Analysis
Why have some states been captured by specific ethnic elites and their clienteles, excluding all others from access to government power? Conversely, what explains political inclusion across ethnic
From the National to the Global: The Transformation of the Royal Bank of Canada, 1864–2014
Many scholars today treat globalization as a new form of imperialism, in which the global political economy remains constituted by competing national capitals and their respective nation-states. This
Liberal Nation States and the Antinomies of Minority Representation: The Impact on the Republic of Turkey
The aim of the opening chapter is to conceptually map the contradictions of minority representation that afflict liberal democracies. The principle of “one person one vote” creates a paradoxical
Capitalism and nationalism in the longue durée: Hegemony, crisis, and state-seeking nationalist mobilization, 1492–2013
This article analyzes the historical dynamics of state-seeking nationalism from 1492 to 2013. By synthesizing Gramsci’s insights of hegemony with world-systems perspective and historical
Field Theory and the Contraction of the Imperial Repertoire of Power
This essay asks why colonialism ended in the mid-twentieth century, effectively excising formal imperialism from the repertoire of global power. Most studies related to this question address why


From Empire to Nation-State: Explaining Wars in the Modern World, 1816–2001
The existing quantitative literature on war takes the independent nation-state as the self-evident unit of analysis and largely excludes other political types from consideration. In contrast, the
Nation-Building and Citizenship: Studies of Our Changing Social Order
Nation-Building and Citizenship examines how states and civil societies interact in their formation of a new political community. Reinhard Bendix directs our attention to relations established
World Society and the Nation‐State
The authors analyze the nation‐state as a worldwide institution constructed by worldwide cultural and associational processes, developing four main topics: (1) properties of nation‐states that result
Nations and Nationalism
Series Editor's Preface. Introduction by John Breuilly. Acknowledgements. 1. Definitions. State and nation. The nation. 2. Culture in Agrarian Society. Power and culture in the agro-literature
Ethnic Nationalism and the Fall of Empires: Central Europe, the Middle East and Russia, 1914-23
Ethnic Nationalism and the Fall of Empires is a wide-ranging comparative study of the origins of today's ethnic politics in East Central Europe, the former Russian empire and the Middle East. Centred
States and nationalism in Europe 1492–1992
As an independent state, Romania has not been around much more than a century. Wallachia and Moldavia only acquired autonomy as coupled principalities under Ottoman sovereignty in 1861, and only
The Location and Purpose of Wars Around the World: A New Global Dataset, 1816–2001
A critical question in the quantitative study of war is how to choose appropriate units of analysis. While most studies link wars to the sovereign states that fight them, several authors have
Nationalism: Five Roads to Modernity
Introduction 1. God's Firstborn: England Reflection of the National Consciousness in Discourse and Sentiment The New Aristocracy, the New Monarchy, and the Protestant Reformation The English Bible,
Reconstructing the correlates of war dataset on material capabilities of states, 1816–1985
Given the central role of the concept of material capabilities in international politics models, and the ambiguity of the notion, it is essential that we define and measure it in operational terms.