The Rise of Uncivil Agreement

  title={The Rise of Uncivil Agreement},
  author={Lilliana Mason},
  journal={American Behavioral Scientist},
  pages={140 - 159}
  • Lilliana Mason
  • Published 2013
  • Political Science
  • American Behavioral Scientist
The debate over whether polarization is occurring in the mass public has been limited by a lack of definition and theory. This article contributes to both, arguing that polarization can be characterized as either behavioral polarization or issue position polarization, but that the two are not synonymous. One reason for the difference between the two types of polarization is that the partisan-ideological sorting that has occurred over the past few decades has contributed to behavioral… Expand

Tables from this paper

“I Disrespectfully Agree”: The Differential Effects of Partisan Sorting on Social and Issue Polarization
Disagreements over whether polarization exists in the mass public have confounded two separate types of polarization. When social polarization is separated from issue position polarization, bothExpand
The Eect of "False" Polarization: Are Perceptions of Political Polarization Self-Fulfilling Prophecies?
The past decade has witnessed an explosion of interest in the partisan polarization of the American electorate. Yet no research so far has considered the causes and consequences of perceptions ofExpand
Does Media Coverage of Partisan Polarization Affect Political Attitudes?
The past decade has witnessed an explosion of interest in the partisan polarization of the American electorate. Scholarly investigation of this topic has coincided with the media’s portrayal of aExpand
Values and Political Predispositions in the Age of Polarization: Examining the Relationship between Partisanship and Ideology in the United States, 1988–2012
The correlation between ideology and partisanship in the mass public has increased in recent decades amid a climate of persistent and growing elite polarization. Given that core values shapeExpand
The Polarizing Effects of Partisan Sorting
Partisan-ideological identity sorting is capable of driving mass political behavior. As recent work in social psychology demonstrates, social identities such as party and ideology are powerfulExpand
The rise of negative partisanship and the nationalization of U.S. elections in the 21st century
One of the most important developments affecting electoral competition in the United States has been the increasingly partisan behavior of the American electorate. Yet more voters than ever claim toExpand
Congressional Polarization and Political Trust
Abstract Americans have become less trusting of their federal government since the late 1950s. Most accounts of trust in government are based upon the performance of the economy. I argue that twoExpand
The dual nature of partisan prejudice: Morality and identity in a multiparty system
Results indicate that discrimination across party lines responds to two fundamentally distinct, though at times co-occurring, imperatives: to coalesce in ideologically homogeneous communities, and to protect one’s sense of partisan identity. Expand
Examining Trends in Ideological Identification: 1972–2016
Has polarization influenced how members of the public identify with ideological labels? In our analysis of patterns of ideological identification since the 1970s, we demonstrate that there has beenExpand
Partisan Nation: The Rise of Affective Partisan Polarization in the American Electorate
Partisan conflict has reached new heights in Washington in recent years but there is considerable disagreement about whether and to what extent partisan conflict has increased in the AmericanExpand


Political Polarization in the American Public
For more than two decades political scientists have discussed rising elite polarization in the United States, but the study of mass polarization did not receive comparable attention until fairlyExpand
Is Polarization a Myth?
This article uses data from the American National Election Studies and national exit polls to test Fiorina's assertion that ideological polarization in the American public is a myth. Fiorina arguesExpand
Resurgent Mass Partisanship: The Role of Elite Polarization
For the most part, scholars who study American political parties in the electorate continue to characterize them as weak and in decline. Parties on the elite level, however, have experienced aExpand
Why Can't We All Just Get Along? The Reality of a Polarized America
According to Morris Fiorina, Americans are moderate, tolerant, and ambivalent in their political attitudes. This has always been true and it is, if anything, more true today than in the past. TheExpand
Partisans without Constraint: Political Polarization and Trends in American Public Opinion.
The findings suggest that opinion changes correspond more to a resorting of party labels among voters than to greater constraint on issue attitudes: since parties are more polarized, they are now better at sorting individuals along ideological lines. Expand
Party Identification, Issue Attitudes, and the Dynamics of Political Debate
This article investigates whether media coverage of elite debate surrounding an issue moderates the relationship between individual-level partisan identities and issue preferences. We posit that whenExpand
Ideological Realignment in the U.S. Electorate
Using data from the 1976-1994 American National Election Studies and the 1992-94 ANES panel survey, this paper demonstrates that the outcomes of the 1994 and 1996 elections reflected a long-termExpand
Partisan and Ideological Polarization in the California Electorate
The textbook image of the California electorate as unusually independent, moderate, antipartisan, and prone to ticket splitting is badly out of date. As in Washington, DC, increased partisanExpand
A New Partisan Voter
The American electorate today is different from that described in The American Voter. Both the 1950s era of ideologically innocent party voting and the subsequent period of partisan dealignment areExpand
The Bush Effect: Polarization, Turnout, and Activism in the 2004 Presidential Election
Americans are closely divided, but we are not deeply divided, and we are closely divided because many of us are ambivalent and uncertain, and consequently reluctant to make firm commitments toExpand