The Rise of Muslim Foreign Fighters: Islam and the Globalization of Jihad

  title={The Rise of Muslim Foreign Fighters: Islam and the Globalization of Jihad},
  author={Thomas Hegghammer},
  journal={International Security},
Why has transnational war volunteering increased so dramatically in the Muslim world since 1980? Standard explanations, which emphasize U.S.-Saudi support for the 1980s Afghan mujahideen, the growth of Islamism, or the spread of Wahhabism are insufficient. The increase in transnational war volunteering is better explained as the product of a pan-Islamic identity movement that grew strong in the 1970s Arab world from elite competition among exiled Islamists in international Islamic organizations… 
Violent Extremism in the Western Balkans: Re-Shaping the Islamist Terrorist Phenomenon in South-Eastern Europe
Abstract This paper aims to shed new light on the phenomenon of Islamist violent extremism across the Western Balkans. This phenomenon has recently drawn worldwide attention due to the risk that the
Turkish foreign terrorist fighters and the emergence of a new kind of radicalization
ABSTRACT This article is an attempt to answer a number of questions asked in the literature on radicalization and extremism: What motivates foreign terrorist fighters (FTFs) from Turkey to join the
Islam and Political Violence
The global threat of Al Qaeda post 9/11 and ISIL, increased Sunni-Shia conflicts, and violence in the Middle East and Pakistan dominate headlines and challenge governments in the region and globally.
The Mobilization and Recruitment of Foreign Fighters: The Case of Islamic State, 2012–2014
IntroductionThe study of foreign terrorist fighters has become crucial to understanding the evolving nature of "terrorism" in the twenty-first century. For many countries, terrorism and its
ISIS or the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria is an armed group with the Wahhabi and jihadist ideology, mostly known as a transnational terrorist group. The group occupied northwestern parts of Iraq
Driving Factors behind Foreign Fighters in Syria and Iraq
ABSTRACT With the rise of the self-proclaimed Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), the phenomenon of foreign fighters became a significant security concern. Governments around the world have
Foreign Terrorist Fighters: Perspectives from Islamic Organizations in France and Great Britain
This article looks at the phenomenon of Foreign Terrorist Fighters from Europe and sheds light on the position of institutional Islam towards this security threat. The article first looks at how the
After the Fall of the Caliphate: The Islamic State and the Deviant Diaspora
Abstract:In their work on the black-market economy in the 21st century, Gilman, Goldhammer, and Weber explore the topic of “deviant globalization,” which analyzes the dark side of global trade. Their
Guest warriors: The phenomenon of post-soviet fighters in the Syrian conflict
A puzzling aspect of the Syrian war has been the seemingly endless infusion of foreign fighters who have fueled and sustained the conflict. Unique among these are the militants from former Soviet
Criminalization as anxious and ineffective response to foreign fighters phenomenon in the Western Balkans
  • Luka Glušac
  • Political Science
    Journal of Regional Security
  • 2020
Despite not being a new phenomenon, nor an Islamic specificum, only recently when the West has increasingly become a potential target of returning foreign fighters from the Syrian theater has the


The Charitable Crescent: Politics of Aid in the Muslim World
'Islamic Charity Under Suspicion': such headlines have become familiar since the attacks on the United States on 9.11. The Charitable Crescent is a unique and original account of a hitherto
Guests of God: Pilgrimage and Politics in the Islamic World
Each year, about two million pilgrims from over 100 countries converge on the Islamic holy city of Mecca for the hajj. While the hajj is first and foremost a religious festival, it is also very much
Political Islam: Revolution, Radicalism, or Reform
Part 1 Political Islam as illegal opposition: fulfilling prophecies - illegal opposition and Islamic radicalism, L. Anderson Islam in Algeria - reflections on religion and politics in a hydrocarbon
Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam
Introduction 1 Part I Expansion 1. A Cultural Revolution 23 2. Islam in the Late 1960s 43 3. Building Petro-Islam on the Ruins of Arab Nationalism 61 4. Islamism in Egypt, Malaysia, and Pakistan 81
The Failure of Political Islam
  • O. Roy
  • Political Science
    The Journal of Asian Studies
  • 1995
For many Westerners, ours seems to be the era of the "Islamic threat, " with radical Muslims everywhere on the rise and on the march, remaking societies and altering the landscape of contemporary
Saudi Arabia and the Islamic Revival
  • W. Ochsenwald
  • Political Science
    International Journal of Middle East Studies
  • 1981
The seizure of the grand mosque of Mecca on 1 Muharram 1400/20 November 1979 by a group of Muslim fundamentalists protesting alleged religious laxity in Saudi Arabia raised the issue of Islamic
The Islamization of the Palestinian‐Israeli conflict: the case of Hamas
'The Palestinian cause is not about land and soil, but it is about faith and belief." This statement by the Islamic Resistance Movement (Harakat almuqawama al-Islamiyya, or Hamas, its acronym)
Foreign Fighters in Iraq: A Cross-National Analysis of Jihadism
Statistics on the national origin of almost one thousand killed and captured foreign fighters in Iraq reveal noticeable differences among Muslim majority countries in their jihadism rate (number of
An 'official' Islamic response to the Egyptian al-jiha ¥ d movement
This essay explores the debate about the role of Islam in political and social life by looking at the arguments that were used to defend and to prosecute the assassins of Anwar Sadat. It focuses on
The Politics of Pan-Islam: Ideology and Organization
The unity of all Muslim believers is in one sense a given: Islam forms a complete moral, cultural, legal, social, and political system. Yet Islamic unity is also a political goal, one that has had