The Rise of Muslim Foreign Fighters: Islam and the Globalization of Jihad

@article{Hegghammer2010TheRO,
  title={The Rise of Muslim Foreign Fighters: Islam and the Globalization of Jihad},
  author={Thomas Hegghammer},
  journal={International Security},
  year={2010},
  volume={35},
  pages={53-94}
}
Why has transnational war volunteering increased so dramatically in the Muslim world since 1980? Standard explanations, which emphasize U.S.-Saudi support for the 1980s Afghan mujahideen, the growth of Islamism, or the spread of Wahhabism are insufficient. The increase in transnational war volunteering is better explained as the product of a pan-Islamic identity movement that grew strong in the 1970s Arab world from elite competition among exiled Islamists in international Islamic organizations… 
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