The Rise and Fall of Dissociative Identity Disorder

  title={The Rise and Fall of Dissociative Identity Disorder},
  author={Joel Paris},
  journal={The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease},
  • J. Paris
  • Published 1 December 2012
  • Psychology
  • The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Abstract Dissociative identity disorder (DID), once considered rare, was frequently diagnosed during the 1980s and 1990s, after which interest declined. This is the trajectory of a medical fad. DID was based on poorly conceived theories and used potentially damaging treatment methods. The problem continues, given that the DSM-5 includes DID and accords dissociative disorders a separate chapter in its manual. 

Disinformation about dissociation: Dr Joel Paris's notions about dissociative identity disorder.

Dr Joel Paris’ claim that dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a “medical fad” is simply wrong, and he provides no evidence that it is a medical fad.

When to Suspect and How to Diagnose Dissociative Identity Disorder

  • C. Ross
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of EMDR Practice and Research
  • 2015
A case of likely DID that was missed in a published case report is presented, and guidelines for when to suspect and how to diagnose DID are provided.

Dissociative identity disorder: Fact, fantasy or invalid?

Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a rare, complex and controversial mental health presentation, characterised by two or more distinct personality states and recurrent gaps in memory. Mental

Fighting the Whole System: Dissociative Identity Disorder, Labeling Theory, and Iatrogenic Doubting

  • J. FlorisS. McPherson
  • Psychology
    Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2015
The diagnosis appeared to be continually assessed by participants for its fit with symptoms, and the doubt among professionals seemed to be unhelpfully reflected in participants’ attempts to understand and come to terms with their experiences.

Separating Fact from Fiction: An Empirical Examination of Six Myths About Dissociative Identity Disorder

Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is defined in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as an identity disruption indicated by the presence of two or

Art-Making and its Interface With Dissociative Identity Disorder: No Words That Didn’t fit

  • O. Sagan
  • Psychology, Art
    Journal of Creativity in Mental Health
  • 2018
ABSTRACT Studies point to promising developments in expressive arts therapy work with clients who experience dissociation as one of a constellation of symptoms of trauma. Individuals diagnosed with

Does Phasic Trauma Treatment Make Patients With Dissociative Identity Disorder Treatment More Dissociative?

  • B. BrandR. Loewenstein
  • Psychology
    Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2014
Treatment provided by TOP DD therapists reduced, rather than increased, the extent to which patients experienced manifestations of pathological dissociation, indicating that this form of DID treatment does not lead to symptomatic worsening in these dimensions, as predicted by the iatrogenic model.

Explanatory hypotheses of the ecology of new clinical presentations of Dissociative Identity Disorders in youth

Dissociative Identity Disorders (DIDs) are controversial psychiatric conditions encountered in clinical practice and nosology. DID as described in the international classifications has little



The Persistence of Folly: A Critical Examination of Dissociative Identity Disorder. Part I. The Excesses of an Improbable Concept

  • A. PiperH. Merskey
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie
  • 2004
There is no proof for the claim that DID results from childhood trauma and the condition cannot be reliably diagnosed, and it is best understood as a culture-bound and often iatrogenic condition.

The Persistence of Folly: Critical Examination of Dissociative Identity Disorder. Part II. The Defence and Decline of Multiple Personality or Dissociative Identity Disorder

  • A. PiperH. Merskey
  • Psychology
    Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie
  • 2004
Because the diagnosis is unreliable, it is believed that US and Canadian courts cannot responsibly accept testimony in favour of DID and a guess is made about the condition's status over the next 10 years.

[Dissociative disorders].

Depending on the treatment goals, both psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioral methods can be applied, supplemented by specific techniques from trauma therapy, e.g. EMDR.

Dissociative identity disorder and the sociocognitive model: recalling the lessons of the past.

The present authors conclude that Gleaves's analysis underemphasized the cultural manifestations of multiple role enactments and that the history of DID imparts a valuable lesson to contemporary psychotherapists.

The Fall of an Icon: Psychoanalysis and Academic Psychiatry

![Figure][1] From a British perspective, the idea that psychoanalysis might ever have played a central role in academic psychiatry is scarcely believable – and from your reviewer’s point of view

The bifurcation of the self : the history and theory of dissociation and its disorders

A Brief History of Multiplicity.- The Roots of Multiple Personality Disorder/Dissociative Identity Disorder.- "Nothing but God and the Brain".- Prying Open the Lid.- Looking Inside the Box, Thinking

Epidemiology of multiple personality disorder and dissociation.

  • C. A. Ross
  • Psychology
    The Psychiatric clinics of North America
  • 1991

Diagnosis and Treatment of Multiple Personality Disorder

Dissociation. Multiple Personality Disorder. Etiology, Epidemiology, and Phenomenology. Diagnosing Multiple Personality Disorder. The Alter Personalities. Beginning Treatment. Issues in

The SCID-D diagnostic interview and treatment planning in dissociative disorders.

The diagnostic interview process, the importance of feedback interviews, specific questions regarding consultation and referral, and the use of hypnosis are discussed, which correlates the five dissociative symptoms assessed by the SCID-D with different phases of treatment planning.

Dissociation : Culture , Mind ,and Body

Dissociation: The Phenomenon. Dissociation, defense, and the unconscious. Dissociated control, imagination, and phenomenology of dissociation. Measuring Dissociation. Studying the interaction between