The Rise and Decline of the Spoils Tradition

  title={The Rise and Decline of the Spoils Tradition},
  author={Carl Joachim Friedrich},
  journal={The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science},
  pages={10 - 16}
  • C. Friedrich
  • Published 1 January 1937
  • History
  • The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
I T IS customary to think that the spoils tradition arose with Andrew Jackson. Senator Marcy’s swagger, often attributed to Jackson himself, that to the victor belong the spoils, has earned Jackson this unenviable reputation. Historical research has long since dispelled the idea. It has shown that the picture of the Western popular hero strutting into Washington and seizing governmental offices for a mob of job-hungry followers is almost a 

What Is Patronage? A Critical Reexamination

Despite a long and storied history, patronage and the functions it plays in American politics and public administration are still very much a mystery. This paper examines how patronage has been used


Any analysis of politics in the modern era will give due cognisance to the functional aspects of political mobilisation, recognising that it is very much the resources available to promulgate the

Carl J. Friedrich on Responsibility and Authority

Carl J. Friedrich’s concept of administrative responsibility is examined in his published works from 1935 to 1960. Friedrich’s idea of responsibility encompassed not only political and personal

Getting to the Roots: Constitutional Rules and the Zero-Sum Politics of Winner-Takes-All in Ghana

Ghana’s democracy is plagued by zero-sum politics usually described as winner-takes-all. Winner-takes-all is political behaviour involving post-election distribution and redistribution of public

The Privatization of the Public Workplace

This article examines the argument that civil service systems should adopt market-based human resource management policies and practices similar to those frequently used by for-profit private

Presidents and Patronage

To what extent do presidents select appointees based upon campaign experience and connections? The answer to this question has important implications for our understanding of presidential management

Administrative Competence: Reimagining Administrative Law

In this first chapter of a new book, Administrative Competence: Reimagining Administrative Law (Cambridge University Press 2020), we provide an overview of our argument that administrative law should

Presidential Appointments and Personnel

This article reviews some recent advances in research on presidential appointments and personnel. I focus specifically on research analyzing changes in the institutional environment of presidential


  • Administrative Competence
  • 2020


  • Administrative Competence
  • 2020