The Rise and Decline of the American Ghetto

@article{Cutler1999TheRA,
  title={The Rise and Decline of the American Ghetto},
  author={David Cutler and Edward L. Glaeser and Jacob L. Vigdor},
  journal={Journal of Political Economy},
  year={1999},
  volume={107},
  pages={455 - 506}
}
This paper examines segregation in American cities from 1890 to 1990. From 1890 to 1940, ghettos were born as blacks migrated to urban areas and cities developed vast expanses filled with almost entirely black housing. From 1940 to 1970, black migration continued and the physical areas of the ghettos expanded. Since 1970, there has been a decline in segregation as blacks have moved into previously all‐white areas of cities and suburbs. Across all these time periods there is a strong positive… 
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