The Ringberg Standards for NGC 1068

  title={The Ringberg Standards for NGC 1068},
  author={Joss Bland-Hawthorn and Jack F. Gallimore and Linda J. Tacconi and Elias Brinks and Stefi A. Baum and Robert F. Antonucci and Gerald Neil Cecil},
  journal={Astrophysics and Space Science},
At the end of three days' spirited discussion of the type 2 Seyfert galaxy NGC 1068, what do we think we understand about this object? New observations -- particularly in the infrared and radio -- are helping to resolve old problems, while drawing attention to new ones. It appears that NGC 1068 is a relatively normal spiral galaxy in which large-scale gravitational disturbances are funneling matter into the nucleus. A collimated outflow disturbs the interstellar medium out to kiloparsec scales… CONTINUE READING