The Restoration Potential of the Mesopotamian Marshes of Iraq

  title={The Restoration Potential of the Mesopotamian Marshes of Iraq},
  author={Curtis J. Richardson and Peter C. Reiss and Najah A. Hussain and Azzam Alwash and Douglas J. Pool},
  pages={1307 - 1311}
Uncontrolled releases of Tigris and Euphrates River waters after the 2003 war have partially restored some former marsh areas in southern Iraq, but restoration is failing in others because of high soil and water salinities. Nearly 20% of the original 15,000-square-kilometer marsh area was reflooded by March 2004, but the extent of marsh restoration is unknown. High-quality water, nonsaline soils, and the densest native vegetation were found in the only remaining natural marsh, the Al-Hawizeh… 

Restoring the Garden of Eden: An Ecological Assessment of the Marshes of Iraq

The recent field surveys have found a remarkable rate of reestablishment of native macroinvertebrates, macrophytes, fish, and birds in reflooded marshes, which suggests that only a portion of the former marshes may be restored.

Mesopotamian Marshes of Iraq

The Mesopotamian marshes of Iraq were once the largest wetland in the Middle East and home to an ancient civilization of Marsh Dwellers know as the Madan. By 2000, after massive drainage by the Iraqi

Marshlands of Mesopotamia and the rivers which feed them

The Mesopotamian marshlands have great environmental and cultural significance for the region and the world. This important wetland once covered 20,000 square kilometers and was the largest in the

Impact of Water Resources Utilization on the Hydrology of Mesopotamian Marshlands

The Mesopotamian Marshlands used to be the largest wetland ecosystem in the Middle East and western Eurasia. These marshlands once covered more than 15,000–20,000 sq km with permanent lakes and

Simulating restoration of the Iraqi Mesopotamian marshland

The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers arise in the mountains of southern Turkey, and flow southeastwards into Iraq. The watersheds of both the Euphrates and the Tigris are predominantly in the countries of

Vegetation Response to Re-flooding in the Mesopotamian Wetlands, Southern Iraq

Wetlands in the Mesopotamian Plain in southern Iraq were extensively drained in the 1990s. Re-flooding of drained areas commenced in 2003, and included parts of the Central marsh between the

Desperate Plight of the Mesopotamian Marshes, Southern Iraq

I have been a member of the Society of Wetland Scientists since the mid-1980’s, and have worked in the wetlands field professionally since that time. The most compelling, heart breaking and inspiring

Restoration versus Re-flooding: Mesopotamia Marshlands

This study will assess the ecological function of some of the re-flooded marshes based on their historical status in the 1970’s and observe the overtime changes of water quality parameters, nutrients and major ions concentrations of the Mesopotamian marshlands before and after desiccation.

An assessment of vegetation and environmental controls in the 1970s of the Mesopotamian wetlands of southern Iraq

A vast ecosystem of wetlands and lakes once covered the Mesopotamian Plain of southern Iraq. Widespread drainage in the 1990s nearly obliterated both components of the landscape. This paper reports



On the algal ecology of the lowland Iraqi marshes

The water here may be characterized as relatively turbid, slightly saline, highly calcareous and probably typically mesotrophic, many of the species being ones which are at least as characteristic of benthic communities.

A comparison of Phragmites australisin freshwater and brackish marsh environments in North America

This paper compares the available North Americanliterature and data concerning several ecologicalfactors affecting Phragmites australisin inlandfreshwater, tidal fresh, and tidal brackish

Distribution of the plant communities in Tihamah coastal plains of Jazan region, Saudi Arabia

The results of this study confirm that the study area is a subtropical desert and belongs floristically to the Sudanian territory and also that therophytes are the most frequent life-form in this region.

The Marsh Arabs

During the years he spent among the Marsh Arabs of southern Iraq Wilfred Thesiger came to understand, admire and share a way of life that had endured for many centuries. Travelling from village to

Tigris-Euphrates Delta: A major source of pesticides to the Shatt al-Arab river (Iraq)

The sediment of the Tigris-Euphrates-Shatt al-Arab Delta was the largest reservoir of organochlorine pesticides, where more than 80% of the studied contaminants reside.

Marsh dwellers of the Euphrates Delta

Foreword v Acknowledgments vii Editorial Note viii List of Plates, Maps and Diagrams x Part I. Introductory Introduction 3 I. The Iraqi Marsh Dwellers 5 2. Ech-Chibayish and its Environment 16 Part

Guidelines for evaluating selenium data from aquatic monitoring and assessment studies

  • A. Lemly
  • Environmental Science
    Environmental monitoring and assessment
  • 1993
The most precise way to evaluate potential reproductive impacts to adult fish and aquatic bird populations is to measure selenium concentrations in gravid ovaries and eggs, which integrates waterborne and dietary exposure, and allows an evaluation based on the most sensitive biological endpoint.