The Relative Productivity Hypothesis of Industrialization: The American Case, 1820-1850

@article{Goldin1981TheRP,
  title={The Relative Productivity Hypothesis of Industrialization: The American Case, 1820-1850},
  author={Claudia Dale Goldin and Kenneth L. Sokoloff},
  journal={NBER Working Paper Series},
  year={1981}
}
The American Northeast industrialized rapidly from about 1820 to 1850, while the South remained agricultural. Industrialization in the Northeast was substantially powered during these decades by female and child labor, who comprised about 45% of the manufacturing work force in 1832. Wherever manufacturing spread in the Northeast, the wages of females and children relative to those of adult men increased greatly from levels in the agricultural sector which were previously quite low. Our… 

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