The Relationship of Violent Fathers, Posttraumatically Stressed Mothers and Symptomatic Children in a Preschool-Age Inner-City Pediatrics Clinic Sample

  title={The Relationship of Violent Fathers, Posttraumatically Stressed Mothers and Symptomatic Children in a Preschool-Age Inner-City Pediatrics Clinic Sample},
  author={Daniel S. Schechter and Erica Willheim and Jaime E McCaw and J Blake Turner and Michael M. Myers and Charles H. Zeanah},
  journal={Journal of Interpersonal Violence},
  pages={3699 - 3719}
This study aims to understand if greater severity of maternal posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), related to maternal report of interpersonal violence, mediates the effects of such violence on (a) child PTSS as well as on (b) child externalizing and internalizing symptoms. Study participants were mothers (N = 77) and children 18 to 48 months recruited from community pediatric clinics. Data were analyzed continuously via bivariate correlations and then multiple linear regression. Post hoc… 
Psychological and physical intimate partner violence and young children's mental health: The role of maternal posttraumatic stress symptoms and parenting behaviors.
The role of maternal PTSD symptoms and parenting strategies in the relationship between mothers' IPV experiences and psychopathology in their young children in a community-based cohort of 308 mother-child dyads at high risk for family violence is investigated.
Intimate partner violence and infant socioemotional development: the moderating effects of maternal trauma symptoms.
The findings highlight the detrimental impact that IPV can have on very young children and the importance of maternal trauma symptoms as a context for understanding the effect of IPV on young children's functioning.
Associations Between Maternal Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and Traumatic Events With Child Psychopathology: Results From a Prospective Longitudinal Study
It is suggested that maternal IPV-PTSD during the period of child development exert an influence on the development of psychopathology in school-aged children.
Mothers in Mind: Exploring the Efficacy of a Dyadic Group Parenting Intervention for Women Who Have Experienced Intimate Partner Violence and Their Young Children
Identifying and responding to the mental health needs of young children (0–4 years) exposed to intimate partner violence is one of the most pressing issues confronting child mental health and welfare
Maternal PTSD and corresponding neural activity mediate effects of child exposure to violence on child PTSD symptoms
It is suggested that maternal IPV-PTSD severity and associated decreased vmPFC activity in response to mother-child relational stimuli are predictors of child psychopathology by age 12–42 months and one-year later.
Maternal Trauma and Related Psychopathology: Consequences to Parental Brain Functioning Associated with Caregiving
The chapter takes as its departure point the Winnicottian notion of “Good-enough mothering” as being tied to the capacity of the primary caregiver to engage in mutual emotion regulation during
Parenting after a history of childhood maltreatment: A scoping review and map of evidence in the perinatal period
Perinatal evidence is available to inform development of strategies to support parents with a history of child maltreatment, however, there is a paucity of applied evidence and evidence involving fathers and Indigenous parents.
Perceived Psychological Implications of Family Violence During Childhood on Young Adults’ Relationships with Other People (The Case of Inlga Ijebu Igbo Ogun State, Nigeria)
  • E. Adenuga
  • Psychology
    Journal of Education in Black Sea Region
  • 2019
Family violence occurs in private but involves community members and affects the network of the victim`s relationships with other people. The experience of family violence hurts the victims
The objective of this comparative retrospective study was to establish whether diagnosis of HIV infection during pregnancy mitigates or exacerbates male spouse perpetrated physical abuse during
And Then There Was Intersubjectivity: Addressing Child Self and Mutual Dysregulation During Traumatic Play
ABSTRACT This article asserts that a traumatized mother, to maintain her psychobiological homeostasis, must avoid intersubjective connection with a child who is seeking it to regulate his own


Distorted Maternal Mental Representations and Atypical Behavior in a Clinical Sample of Violence-Exposed Mothers and Their Toddlers
  • D. Schechter, S. Coates, +9 authors M. Myers
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2008
Although maternal PTSD and RF impacted mental representations, no significant relationships were found between PTSD, RF, and overall atypical caregiving behavior.
The Impact of Cumulative Maternal Trauma and Diagnosis on Parenting Behavior
Substance use and depression are significantly related to abuse potential, and PTSD is significantly negatively related to physical discipline, with no other significant associations between diagnostic status and parenting outcomes.
Violence exposure and the association between young African American mothers' discipline and child problem behavior.
Compared with less violence-exposed mothers, the harsh disciplinary practices of young African American mothers who have been exposed to high levels of violence are more strongly associated with their children's problem behavior.
Caregiver traumatization adversely impacts young children's mental representations on the MacArthur Story Stem Battery
Traumatized mothers' experience of domestic violence and severity of violence-related PTSD symptoms robustly predicted more dysregulated aggression, attentional bias to danger and distress, as well as more avoidance of and withdrawal from conflicts presented in the children's story stems.
Behavioral problems among children whose mothers are abused by an intimate partner.
Children who were exposed to maternal IPV and were victims of child maltreatment were more likely to receive borderline to clinical level scores on internalizing and externalizing behaviors, compared to the CBCL normative sample after adjusting for age and sex.
Violence exposure and traumatic stress symptoms as additional predictors of health problems in high-risk children.
This cross-sectional analysis of a Head Start preschool age cohort studied health outcomes parallel to those assessed in the 2001 National Health Interview Survey of child health as well as two stress-related somatic complaints, gastrointestinal problems and headache to establish the mother's own poor physical health and the child's level of traumatic stress as the strongest predictors of poor child health.
A Relational Perspective on PTSD in Early Childhood
A model of the parental/family variables as moderators and vicarious traumatic agents for symptoms in young children is presented, and a Compound Model is proposed, with three distinctive patterns of the parent–child relationship that impact on posttraumatic symptomatology in youngChildren.
Community-based intervention for children exposed to intimate partner violence: an efficacy trial.
A community-based intervention program was tested with 181 children ages 6-12 and their mothers exposed to intimate partner violence during the past year and CM children showed the greatest improvement over time in externalizing problems and attitudes about violence.
The disturbed caregiving system: Relations among childhood trauma, maternal caregiving, and infant affect and attachment
The interrelations among maternal childhood experiences of physical or sexual abuse, adult trauma-related symptoms, adult caregiving behavior, and infant affect and attachment were investigated among
Child-parent psychotherapy: 6-month follow-up of a randomized controlled trial.
The findings provide additional evidence of the efficacy and durability of CPP with this population and highlight the importance of a relationship focus in the treatment of traumatized preschoolers.