The Relationship of Violent Fathers, Posttraumatically Stressed Mothers and Symptomatic Children in a Preschool-Age Inner-City Pediatrics Clinic Sample

  title={The Relationship of Violent Fathers, Posttraumatically Stressed Mothers and Symptomatic Children in a Preschool-Age Inner-City Pediatrics Clinic Sample},
  author={Daniel Scott Schechter and Erica Willheim and Jaime E. McCaw and J. Blake Turner and Michael M. Myers and Charles H. Zeanah},
  journal={Journal of Interpersonal Violence},
  pages={3699 - 3719}
This study aims to understand if greater severity of maternal posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), related to maternal report of interpersonal violence, mediates the effects of such violence on (a) child PTSS as well as on (b) child externalizing and internalizing symptoms. Study participants were mothers (N = 77) and children 18 to 48 months recruited from community pediatric clinics. Data were analyzed continuously via bivariate correlations and then multiple linear regression. Post hoc… 

Intimate partner violence and infant socioemotional development: the moderating effects of maternal trauma symptoms.

The findings highlight the detrimental impact that IPV can have on very young children and the importance of maternal trauma symptoms as a context for understanding the effect of IPV on young children's functioning.

Associations Between Maternal Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and Traumatic Events With Child Psychopathology: Results From a Prospective Longitudinal Study

It is suggested that maternal IPV-PTSD during the period of child development exert an influence on the development of psychopathology in school-aged children.

Maternal History of Adverse Experiences and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms Impact Toddlers’ Early Socioemotional Wellbeing: The Benefits of Infant Mental Health-Home Visiting

Results indicate the efficacy of IMH-HV services in promoting more optimal child socioemotional wellbeing even when mothers reported mild to moderate PTSD symptoms, and highlight the need to assess parental trauma when infants and young children present with socioem emotional difficulties.

Mothers in Mind: Exploring the Efficacy of a Dyadic Group Parenting Intervention for Women Who Have Experienced Intimate Partner Violence and Their Young Children

Identifying and responding to the mental health needs of young children (0–4 years) exposed to intimate partner violence is one of the most pressing issues confronting child mental health and welfare

Maternal PTSD and corresponding neural activity mediate effects of child exposure to violence on child PTSD symptoms

It is suggested that maternal IPV-PTSD severity and associated decreased vmPFC activity in response to mother-child relational stimuli are predictors of child psychopathology by age 12–42 months and one-year later.

Effects of maternal trauma and associated psychopathology on atypical maternal behavior and infant social withdrawal six months postpartum

At six-months postpartum, maternal MDD was associated with infant withdrawal and is an important target for early intervention.

Maternal Trauma and Related Psychopathology: Consequences to Parental Brain Functioning Associated with Caregiving

The chapter takes as its departure point the Winnicottian notion of “Good-enough mothering” as being tied to the capacity of the primary caregiver to engage in mutual emotion regulation during

Parenting after a history of childhood maltreatment: A scoping review and map of evidence in the perinatal period

Perinatal evidence is available to inform development of strategies to support parents with a history of child maltreatment, however, there is a paucity of applied evidence and evidence involving fathers and Indigenous parents.

Intergenerational transmission of trauma from mother to infant: the mediating role of disrupted prenatal maternal representations of the child

There was a significant indirect effect of maternal childhood interpersonal trauma on infant-mother attachment insecurity via disrupted prenatal maternal representations, which highlighted an important mechanism of trauma transmission that could be targeted in interventions with mother-infant dyads.



Distorted Maternal Mental Representations and Atypical Behavior in a Clinical Sample of Violence-Exposed Mothers and Their Toddlers

  • D. SchechterS. Coates M. Myers
  • Psychology
    Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2008
Although maternal PTSD and RF impacted mental representations, no significant relationships were found between PTSD, RF, and overall atypical caregiving behavior.

The Impact of Cumulative Maternal Trauma and Diagnosis on Parenting Behavior

Substance use and depression are significantly related to abuse potential, and PTSD is significantly negatively related to physical discipline, with no other significant associations between diagnostic status and parenting outcomes.

Caregiver traumatization adversely impacts young children's mental representations on the MacArthur Story Stem Battery

Traumatized mothers' experience of domestic violence and severity of violence-related PTSD symptoms robustly predicted more dysregulated aggression, attentional bias to danger and distress, as well as more avoidance of and withdrawal from conflicts presented in the children's story stems.

Violence exposure and traumatic stress symptoms as additional predictors of health problems in high-risk children.

A Relational Perspective on PTSD in Early Childhood

A model of the parental/family variables as moderators and vicarious traumatic agents for symptoms in young children is presented, and a Compound Model is proposed, with three distinctive patterns of the parent–child relationship that impact on posttraumatic symptomatology in youngChildren.

Community-based intervention for children exposed to intimate partner violence: an efficacy trial.

A community-based intervention program was tested with 181 children ages 6-12 and their mothers exposed to intimate partner violence during the past year and CM children showed the greatest improvement over time in externalizing problems and attitudes about violence.

The disturbed caregiving system: Relations among childhood trauma, maternal caregiving, and infant affect and attachment

Investigation of the interrelations among maternal childhood experiences of physical or sexual abuse, adult trauma-related symptoms, adult caregiving behavior, and infant affect and attachment found infants of mothers who had experienced childhood violence or abuse were not more likely to display insecure attachment strategies.

Child-parent psychotherapy: 6-month follow-up of a randomized controlled trial.

The findings provide additional evidence of the efficacy and durability of CPP with this population and highlight the importance of a relationship focus in the treatment of traumatized preschoolers.