The Relationship among Complex Fractionated Electrograms, Wavebreak, Phase Singularity, and Local Dominant Frequency in Fibrillation Wave-Dynamics: a Modeling Comparison Study

Abstract

Although complex fractionated electrogram (CFE) is known to be a target for catheter ablation of fibrillation, its physiological meaning in fibrillation wave-dynamics remains to be clarified. We evaluated the spatiotemporal relationships among the parameters of fibrillation wave-dynamics by simulation modeling. We generated maps of CFE-cycle length (CFE-CL), local dominant frequency (LDF), wave break (WB), and phase singularity (PS) of fibrillation in 2-dimensional homogeneous bidomain cardiac modeling (1,000 × 1,000 cells ten Tusscher model). We compared spatiotemporal correlations by dichotomizing each maps into 10 × 10 lattice zones. In spatial distribution, WB and PS showed excellent correlation (R = 0.963, P < 0.001). CFE-CL had weak correlations with WB (R = 0.288, P < 0.001), PS (R = 0.313, P < 0.001), and LDF (R = -0.411, P < 0.001). However, LDF did not show correlation with PS or WB. PSs were mostly distributed at the periphery of low CFE-CL area. Virtual ablation (5% of critical mass) of CFE-CL < 100 ms terminated fibrillation at 14.3 sec, and high LDF ablation (5% of critical mass) changed fibrillation to organized tachycardia, respectively. In homogeneous 2D fibrillation modeling, CFE-CL was weakly correlated with WB, PS, and LDF, spatiotemporally. PSs are mostly positioned at the periphery of low CFE-CL areas, and virtual ablation targeting low CFE-CL regions terminated fibrillation successfully.

DOI: 10.3346/jkms.2014.29.3.370

Extracted Key Phrases

6 Figures and Tables

Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Yun2014TheRA, title={The Relationship among Complex Fractionated Electrograms, Wavebreak, Phase Singularity, and Local Dominant Frequency in Fibrillation Wave-Dynamics: a Modeling Comparison Study}, author={Yonghyeon Yun and Minki Hwang and Jae Hyung Park and Hangsik Shin and Eun Bo Shim and Hui-Nam Pak}, booktitle={Journal of Korean medical science}, year={2014} }