The Reinvention of Kemalism: Between Elitism, Anti-Elitism and Anti-Intellectualism

@article{Grpnar2013TheRO,
  title={The Reinvention of Kemalism: Between Elitism, Anti-Elitism and Anti-Intellectualism},
  author={Doğan G{\"u}rpınar},
  journal={Middle Eastern Studies},
  year={2013},
  volume={49},
  pages={454 - 476}
}
This article probes the transformation of Kemalism to a xenophobic nation-statism with a strong anti-western animus diluting its self-styled westernism and elitism in response to the rise of the reformist-Islamist ruling JDP and its patchy liberal rhetoric and pro-EU stance. The article points to the novel qualities of the Kemalism of the 2000s but also attests to its inherent anti-elitist, anti-liberal and anti-intellectual nature that reigned in the 1930s given that the Kemalist project in… 

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