The Reinvention of Kemalism: Between Elitism, Anti-Elitism and Anti-Intellectualism

  title={The Reinvention of Kemalism: Between Elitism, Anti-Elitism and Anti-Intellectualism},
  author={Doğan G{\"u}rpınar},
  journal={Middle Eastern Studies},
  pages={454 - 476}
This article probes the transformation of Kemalism to a xenophobic nation-statism with a strong anti-western animus diluting its self-styled westernism and elitism in response to the rise of the reformist-Islamist ruling JDP and its patchy liberal rhetoric and pro-EU stance. The article points to the novel qualities of the Kemalism of the 2000s but also attests to its inherent anti-elitist, anti-liberal and anti-intellectual nature that reigned in the 1930s given that the Kemalist project in… 

Between ‘tradition’ and movement: the emergence of Turkey’s Anti-Capitalist Muslims in the age of protest

ABSTRACT This article discusses the emergence of the “Anti-Capitalist Muslims” (ACMs) movement as the conjunction of critical Muslim politics and grassroots activism in Istanbul, Turkey. It explores

Politics of Nationhood and the Displacement of the Founding Moment: Contending Histories of the Turkish Nation

Abstract This study examines the conception of nationhood developed by a political movement referred to as Ulusalcılık (nationalism), which emerged at the turn of the century. We focus on ways in

Populism and the Politics of Belonging in Erdoğan’s Turkey

Abstract: This paper examines the transformation of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s politics in the AKP government era through the interactive supply-and-demand relationship between populist leaders

The Protestors of Gezi Park: Analyzing discursive clashes at the edge of Europe

The Gezi protests that sparked off in May 2013 in Istanbul turned out to be largest uprising in the history of the Turkish Republic. Especially in terms of the EU candidate country’s secular-Islamic

"The Hittite Sun Is Rising Once Again": Contested Narratives of Identity, Place and Memory in Ankara

This article seeks to shed light on the journey of the Hittite sun disk, a cult object from the Early Bronze Age, from the architectural, narrative and discursive boundaries of a public museum to the

Anthropocratic Republic?



The Clash of Kemalisms? Reflections on the Past and Present Politics of Kemalism in Turkish Political Discourse

Abstract This essay focuses on the question of how to make sense of the salience of Kemalism today. Building on Max Weber’s notion of charisma and Laclau and Mouffe’s concept of hegemony, it suggests

The Politics of Cultural Despair: A Study in the Rise of the Germanic Ideology

Preface Introduction I. Paul de Lagarde and a Germanic Region 1. The Critic as Academician 2. The Idealism of Antimodernity 3. The Germanic Religion 4. The Germanic Nation 5. The Corruption of German

Kemalists, Islamists, and Liberals: Shifting Patterns of Confrontation and Consensus, 2002–06

This article analyzes shifting patterns of confrontation and consensus between adherents of three Turkish political camps: Kemalists, Islamists, and liberals. It is argued that their proclivity to

Ulusalcılık: The Neo‐nationalist Resurgence in Turkey

Abstract Nationalism has been a powerful force in Turkish politics since the founding of the Republic. Yet nationalist activists have become unusually strident in their rhetoric, coalescing around

A Generation of Materialism

A new book by Carlton Hayes requires no recommendation; everyone with the slightest interest in history knows this Columbia historian and admires his textbook, The Political and Cultural History of


  • R. Wolin
  • History
    Modern Intellectual History
  • 2013
The term “intellectual” is a French coinage that dates to the years preceding the Dreyfus affair. Nevertheless, the concept has a distinguished pedigree that can be traced back to Voltaire's heroic

The People's Houses and the Cult of the Peasant in Turkey

'Only one peasant stronghold remained in or around the neighbourhood of Europe and the Middle East -Turkey,' wrote historian Eric Hobsbawm, 'where the peasantry declined, but in the mid-1980s, still

Politics in post-revolutionary Turkey, 1908-1913

Although seemingly straightforward in its telling of events from the opening of the Parliament in alte 1908 to the re-capture of constitutional government in early 1913, this book is built upon a

Secularism and Muslim Democracy in Turkey

Introduction: what is an Islamic and non-Islamic party? 1. The socio-political context 2. Political origins of the AKP 3. Ideology, organization and parliamentary group of the AKP 4. The two queen

Meaning and understanding in the history of ideas

The task of the historian of ideas is to study and interpret a canon of classic texts. The value of writing this kind of history stems from the fact that the classic texts in moral, political,