The Red and the Black: Bioluminescence and the Color of Animals in the Deep Sea1

  title={The Red and the Black: Bioluminescence and the Color of Animals in the Deep Sea1},
  author={S{\"o}nke Johnsen},
  booktitle={Integrative and Comparative Biology},
  • S. Johnsen
  • Published in
    Integrative and Comparative…
    1 April 2005
  • Environmental Science
Abstract The colors of deep-sea species are generally assumed to be cryptic, but it is not known how cryptic they are and under what conditions. This study measured the color of approximately 70 deep-sea species, both pelagic and benthic, and compared the results with two sets of predictions: 1) optimal crypsis under ambient light, 2) optimal crypsis when viewed by bioluminescent “searchlights.” The reflectances of the pelagic species at the blue-green wavelengths important for deep-sea vision… 

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