The Rationality of Near Bias toward both Future and Past Event

@article{Greene2021TheRO,
  title={The Rationality of Near Bias toward both Future and Past Event},
  author={Preston Greene and Alex O. Holcombe and Andrew J. Latham and Kristie Miller and James Norton},
  journal={Review of Philosophy and Psychology},
  year={2021},
  pages={1-18}
}
In recent years, a disagreement has erupted between two camps of philosophers about the rationality of bias toward the near (“near bias”) and bias toward the future (“future bias”). According to the traditional hybrid view, near bias is rationally impermissible, while future bias is either rationally permissible or obligatory. Time neutralists , meanwhile, argue that the hybrid view is untenable. They claim that those who reject near bias should reject both biases and embrace time neutrality… 
1 Citations

Smartphone Time Machine: Tech-Supported Improvements in Time Perspective and Wellbeing Measures

Time perspective can be improved via time-travel narratives that support people in feeling connected to a wise and loving future version of themselves, an approach that has until now only been provided in counseling contexts.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 23 REFERENCES

Time Biases

You are time-biased if you have systematic preferences about when events happen. There are different varieties of time bias. Near-biased agents discount events as they are scheduled further in the

Prudence and past selves

An important platitude about prudential rationality is that I should not refuse to sacrifice a smaller amount of present welfare for the sake of larger future benefits. I ought, in other words, to

The Sign Effect in Past and Future Discounting

Evidence is presented that the effect of tense on discounting is tied to differences in the contemplation emotion of these events, which is assessed by measuring participants’ emotions while they either anticipated or remembered the event.

The stillness of time and philosophical equanimity

Being a philosopher has been traditionally associated with the ability to resist being both dazed by prosperity and broken by adversity. The philosopher is supposed to remain unperturbed by his

Self-Bias, Time-Bias, and the Metaphysics of Self and Time

1: Self-Bias It is common to have a slightly exaggerated sense of the significance of your own joys and miseries, but grand self-importance is rare. Louis XIV was grandly selfimportant. He believed

Theories of Time and the Asymmetry in Human Attitudes

An important aspect of the debate between the A-theory and the B-theory of time relates to the supposed implications of each for some of the most basic human attitudes and stances. The asymmetry in

Discounting of past outcomes.

The present study indicates that the discounting of past outcomes is a quantifiable phenomenon, and the results are similar to observations from the established future-discounting literature.

A Wrinkle in Time

It is suggested that the TVA, the gain-loss asymmetry, and hyperbolic time discounting can be unified in a three-dimensional value function that describes how people value gains and losses of different magnitudes at different moments in time.

Discount rates inferred from decisions: an experimental study

Two hundred and four students of economics and finance participated in an intertemporal choice experiment which manipulated three dimensions in a 4 \times 4 \times 4 factorial design: scenario