The Quality of Time Spent with Children in Australian Households


Using data from the 1992 and 1997 Australian Time Use Surveys, we explore patterns in the quality of child care time spent by parents in Australia. Drawing on prior theory and results from multiple disciplines, we suggest and construct four alternative ways of defining child care quality. We estimate censored regression models of the time parents spend in high-quality child care, the time parents spend in lower-quality child care, and the time parents spend in market work according to these different definitions. We find that seemingly small changes in how the quality of time spent caring for children is conceptualized significantly affect the conclusions we draw about the associations of different household and personal characteristics with parental child care time. JEL Codes: D1, J13, J2 Acknowledgments We thank Deborah Cobb-Clark, Lyn Craig, Rachel Connelly, Kimberly Fischer, Nancy Folbre, Sabrina Pabilonia, David Ribar, Leslie Stratton, and Jean Yeung for their comments on previous versions of this paper. We also thank Matthew Giro, Adam Lucchesi, and Kweku Opoku-Agyem for research assistance. All errors are ours.

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@inproceedings{Kalenkoski2007TheQO, title={The Quality of Time Spent with Children in Australian Households}, author={Charlene M. Kalenkoski and D A Cobb-clark and Lyn Craig and Rachel Connelly and Kimberly Hall Fischer and Nancy Folbre and Sabrina Pabilonia and David C. Ribar and L Stratton}, year={2007} }