The QCAE: A Questionnaire of Cognitive and Affective Empathy

@article{Reniers2009TheQA,
  title={The QCAE: A Questionnaire of Cognitive and Affective Empathy},
  author={Renate L.E.P. Reniers and Rhiannon Corcoran and Richard James Drake and Nicholas Shryane and Birgit A. V{\"o}llm},
  journal={Journal of Personality Assessment},
  year={2009},
  volume={93},
  pages={84 - 95}
}
Empathy has been inconsistently defined and inadequately measured. This research aimed to produce a new and rigorously developed questionnaire. Exploratory (n 1= 640) and confirmatory (n 2= 318) factor analyses were employed to develop the Questionnaire of Cognitive and Affective Empathy (QCAE). Principal components analysis revealed 5 factors (31 items). Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed this structure in an independent sample. The hypothesized 2-factor structure (cognitive and affective… 
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