The QCAE: A Questionnaire of Cognitive and Affective Empathy

  title={The QCAE: A Questionnaire of Cognitive and Affective Empathy},
  author={Renate L.E.P. Reniers and Rhiannon Corcoran and Richard James Drake and Nicholas Shryane and Birgit A. V{\"o}llm},
  journal={Journal of Personality Assessment},
  pages={84 - 95}
Empathy has been inconsistently defined and inadequately measured. This research aimed to produce a new and rigorously developed questionnaire. Exploratory (n 1= 640) and confirmatory (n 2= 318) factor analyses were employed to develop the Questionnaire of Cognitive and Affective Empathy (QCAE). Principal components analysis revealed 5 factors (31 items). Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed this structure in an independent sample. The hypothesized 2-factor structure (cognitive and affective… 
Validation and extension of the Questionnaire of Cognitive and Affective Empathy in the Chinese setting.
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Empathy, the ability to infer and share others' affective states, plays a vital role in social interactions. However, no existing scale comprehensively assesses empathy's cognitive and affective
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Measuring empathy: reliability and validity of the Empathy Quotient
The Empathy Quotient is a valid, reliable scale and the different subscales may have clinical applications and moderate associations were found between the EQ and IRI subscales, suggesting concurrent validity.
Measuring individual differences in empathy: Evidence for a multidimensional approach.
To facilitate a multidimensional approach to empathy the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) includes 4 subscales: Perspective-Taking (PT) Fantasy (FS) Empathic Concern (EC) and Personal Distress
Prefrontal substrates of empathy: Psychometric evidence in a community sample
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A new, photo-based measure, the Multifaceted Empathy Test (MET), is used to assess empathy multidimensionally in a group of 17 individuals with Asperger syndrome and 18 well-matched controls, suggesting that while individuals with AS are impaired in cognitive empathy, they do not differ from controls in emotional empathy.
Who Cares? Revisiting Empathy in Asperger Syndrome
The data show that while the AS group scored lower on the measures of cognitive empathy and theory of mind, they were no different from controls on one affective empathy scale of the IRI (empathic concern), and scored higher than controls on the other (personal distress).
The multiple facets of empathy: a survey of theory and evidence.
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A review of the literature reveals a poor relationship between general and victim empathy. Victim empathy measures, which are more directly relevant to forensic work, have been shown to have poor
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Empathy was measured by an interview assessing emotions and cognitions in response to videotaped vignettes of persons in affective events and by empathy self-report questionnaires. As hypothesized,
A Multidimensional Approach to Individual Differences in Empathy
The development of a multidimensional individual difference measure of empathy is described. The final version of the instrument consists of four seven-item subscales, each of which taps a separate