The Punishment Consequences of Lacking National Membership in Germany, 1998–2010

  title={The Punishment Consequences of Lacking National Membership in Germany, 1998–2010},
  author={Michael T. Light},
  journal={Social Forces},
  pages={1385 - 1408}
The comparative study of immigrants’ legal rights has become a key focus of sociological inquiry in recent decades. However, research in this vein has focused primarily on the highest levels of European judiciaries. As a result, we know comparatively little about the implementation of immigrant rights in the lower courts that are charged with enforcing the legal protections of foreigners. Using prosecution data from German criminal courts between 1998 and 2010, this study addresses this gap by… 

Punishing the “Others”

Abstract Despite ongoing debates on the continued legal significance of citizenship in a globalized world, international comparative tests of the salience of citizenship under the law have yet to be

Punishment, citizenship and identity: An Introduction

This collection of articles addresses the interconnections between punishment, citizenship and identity. As immigration and crime control measures have intersected, prisons in a number of countries

The Criminal Case Processing of Foreign Nationals in the Netherlands

Foreign nationals are increasingly encountering the criminal justice institutions of many European countries. Yet, basic questions about how they are punished within these institutions,

Foreign and Dangerous? Unpacking the Role of Judges and Prosecutors in Sentencing Disparities in Spain

Given the salience of the principle of equality before the law, there is growing interest in understanding the relationship between immigration and sentencing disparities; however, research remains

From prison to detention: The carceral trajectories of foreign-national prisoners in the United Kingdom

The United Kingdom has taken an increasingly punitive stance towards ‘foreign criminals’ using law and policy to pave the way for their expulsion from the country. Imprisonment, then, becomes the

Immigration and Preferences for Greater Law Enforcement Spending in Rich Democracies

Immigration to rich democracies grew substantially in the 1990s and 2000s. We investigate whether the rise of immigration influenced the novel and salient outcome of preferences for greater law

Within-race variations in sentencing outcomes: Nationality and punishment among Asians in United States federal courts

There is robust evidence that Asians are not treated differently from Whites and receive greater leniency than Blacks and Hispanics in criminal punishment. Some research findings even suggest that



Book Review: Rights across Borders: Immigration and the Decline of Citizenship

In Rights across Borders, political sociologist David Jacobson argues that transnational migrations have affected ideas of citizenship and the state since World War II. Jacobson shows how citizenship

The Causes and Consequences of Germany's New Citizenship Law

Until recently, Germany was viewed as having an outdated and restrictive citizenship policy that was impervious to demographic realities and liberalising trends. Yet despite many predictions of

Citizenship and Punishment

Analysis of several years of data from U.S. federal courts indicates that citizenship status is a salient predictor of sentencing outcomes—more powerful than race or ethnicity.

Citizenship Rights for Immigrants: National Political Processes and Cross-National Convergence in Western Europe, 1980–20081

Immigrant citizenship rights in the nation-state reference both theories of cross-national convergence and the resilience of national political processes. This article investigates European

Border Control and the Limits of the Sovereign State

As has been widely recognized and commented upon, border controls across Europe and America have been strenuously tightened since September 11th. In fact, of course, the movement of certain


Empirical investigations of criminal sentencing represent a vast research enterprise in criminology. However, this research has been restricted almost exclusively to U.S. contexts, and often it

Sentencing and Sanctions in Western Countries

This collection of original essays surveys the evolution of sentencing policies and practices in Western countries over the past twenty-five years. The volume consists of approximately ten essays.


Democracy is directly linked to the two main components of criminology: crime and justice. Moreover, the scientific study of crime and justice has been limited in large part to researchers working in

Bright vs. blurred boundaries: Second-generation assimilation and exclusion in France, Germany, and the United States

In all immigration societies, a social distinction between immigrant and second generations, on the one hand, and natives, on the other, is imposed by the ethnic majority and becomes a sociologically

Liminal Legality: Salvadoran and Guatemalan Immigrants' Lives in the United States1

This article examines the effects of an uncertain legal status on the lives of immigrants, situating their experiences within frameworks of citizenship/belonging and segmented assimilation, and using