The Psychology of Moral Conviction.

  title={The Psychology of Moral Conviction.},
  author={Linda J. Skitka and Brittany E. Hanson and G Scott Morgan and Daniel C. Wisneski},
  journal={Annual review of psychology},
This review covers theory and research on the psychological characteristics and consequences of attitudes that are experienced as moral convictions, that is, attitudes that people perceive as grounded in a fundamental distinction between right and wrong. Morally convicted attitudes represent something psychologically distinct from other constructs (e.g., strong but nonmoral attitudes or religious beliefs), are perceived as universally and objectively true, and are comparatively immune to… 

The roles of disgust and harm perception in political attitude moralization

Investigative analyses investigating whether emotion and harm predicted increases in moral conviction over time found that neither disgust, anger, nor sadness had an effect on moralization, whereas perceptions of harm did predict moralization.

Attitude Moralization Within Polarized Contexts: An Emotional Value-Protective Response to Dyadic Harm Cues.

A model that predicts when and how attitude moralization may be triggered and develops within polarized contexts when people are exposed to actions by attitudinal opponents perceived as causing dyadic harm is proposed.

Moral Frames Are Persuasive and Moralize Attitudes; Nonmoral Frames Are Persuasive and De-Moralize Attitudes

Moral framing and reframing strategies persuade people holding moralized attitudes (i.e., attitudes having a moral basis). However, these strategies may have unintended side effects: They have the

College and the “Culture War”: Assessing Higher Education’s Influence on Moral Attitudes

The results indicate that higher education liberalizes moral concerns for most students, but it also departs from the standard liberal profile by promoting moral absolutism rather than relativism.

Disentangling norms, morality, and principles: the September 2019 Brexit rebellion

Despite morality’s important role in international relations, we still lack a compelling way to study it. Some scholars define norms as moral in nature but fail to define morality or conceptualize it

Moral Convictions and Threats to Science

  • R. Bayes
  • Education
    The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
  • 2022
When science is marshaled to support one side or another in policy debates, people can react to that information differently depending on whether it supports their own position. They tend to find

Moral conviction: A challenge in the age of science politicization.

  • R. Bayes
  • Psychology
    Progress in molecular biology and translational science
  • 2022

Why True Believers Make the Ultimate Sacrifice: Sacred Values, Moral Convictions, or Identity Fusion?

Recent research has identified three promising candidates for predicting extreme behavior: sacred values, moral convictions, and identity fusion. Each construct is thought to motivate extreme

Why are people antiscience, and what can we do about it?

From vaccination refusal to climate change denial, antiscience views are threatening humanity. When different individuals are provided with the same piece of scientific evidence, why do some accept

The dark side of belief in Covid-19 scientists and scientific evidence



Moral conviction: another contributor to attitude strength or something more?

Results supported the moral mandate hypothesis: Stronger moral conviction led to greater preferred social and physical distance from attitudinally dissimilar others, and a greater inability to generate procedural solutions to resolve disagreements.

The Cognitive and Affective Dimensions of Moral Conviction: Implications for Attitudinal and Behavioral Measures of Interpersonal Tolerance

The studies show that the cognitive dimension is sufficient to produce many forms of interpersonal intolerance, and that the interaction pattern between moral beliefs and affect was specific to emotional intensity and not other measures of attitude strength.

Gut Reactions

A survey of a nationally representative sample of Americans that assessed the degree to which people trusted the U.S. Supreme Court to rule on the legal status of physician-assisted suicide indicated that greater religiosity was associated with greater trust in the Uzbekistan government and the processes underlying religious trust and distrust based on moral convictions were more quick and visceral than slow and carefully considered.

Exploring the psychological underpinnings of the moral mandate effect: motivated reasoning, group differentiation, or anger?

Two studies tested 3 explanations for the moral mandate effect and the anger hypothesis, finding that people with moral mandates have a greater motivation to seek out procedural flaws when outcomes fail to support their moral point of view.

Limits on legitimacy: moral and religious convictions as constraints on deference to authority.

Testing compliance with and reactions to legitimate authorities in the context of a natural experiment that tracked public opinion before and after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in a case that challenged states' rights to legalize physician-assisted suicide indicated citizens' degree of moral conviction predicted post-ruling perceptions of outcome fairness, decision acceptance, and changes in perceptions of the Court's legitimacy.

Moral emotions and moral behavior.

This chapter reviews current theory and research on moral emotions and focuses on a triad of negatively valenced "self-conscious" emotions-shame, guilt, and embarrassment.

Effects of norms among those with moral conviction: Counter‐conformity emerges on intentions but not behaviors

Previous research has shown that people with a strong moral basis for their attitude show stronger intentions to publicly act in line with their attitude when they are led to believe they are in a

The emotional dog and its rational tail: a social intuitionist approach to moral judgment.

  • J. Haidt
  • Psychology
    Psychological review
  • 2001
The author gives 4 reasons for considering the hypothesis that moral reasoning does not cause moral judgment; rather, moral reasoning is usually a post hoc construction, generated after a judgment has been reached.

Moral Spillovers: The Effect of Moral Violations on Deviant Behavior

a b s t r a c t Two experiments investigated whether outcomes that violate people's moral standards increase their deviant behavior (the moral spillover effect). In Study 1, participants with and