• Corpus ID: 143067795

The Psychology of Interrogations and Confessions: A Handbook

  title={The Psychology of Interrogations and Confessions: A Handbook},
  author={Gisli Gudjonsson},
About the Author.Series Preface.Preface.Acknowledgments.Introduction. PART I: INTERROGATIONS AND CONFESSIONS. Interrogation Tactics and Techniques. Interrogation in Britain. Persons at Risk During Interviews in Police Custody: the Royal Commission Studies. The Identification and Measurement of 'Oppressive' Police Interviewing Tactics in Britain. Why do Suspects Confess? Theories. Why do Suspects Confess? Empirical Findings. Miscarriages of Justice and False Confessions. The Psychology of False… 
The Psychology of Interrogations and False Confessions: Research and Recommendations
ABSTRACT Wrongful convictions have increasingly garnished media attention both in North America and Britain. In addition to a variety of factors, instances of false confession have been identified as
Unreliable Confessions and Miscarriages of Justice in Britain
Miscarriages of justice are sometimes caused by confessions, which are coerced by the police or result from suspects' psychological vulnerabilities during custody and interrogation. In recent years
Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Confessions: A Pyramidal Framework of the Relevant Science
Increasingly, psychologists are being called to serve as consultants and expert witnesses in criminal cases involving coerced – and possibly false – confessions. In some instances, the main purpose
Police-induced confessions: an empirical analysis of their content and impact
Abstract Confessions have a greater impact on juries than other types of evidence, sometimes in the face of contradictory evidence. Twenty false confessions were content-analyzed to determine the
The Psychology of Interrogations and False Confessions
What is known about the psychology of police interrogations is reviewed, including an examination of the concept of investigative bias, the influence of potentially coercive inter- rogation techniques, and vulnerabilities of a suspect that can increase the likelihood of a false confession.
Suspect Interviews and False Confessions
In this article, we review two influential methods of police interviewing practice and their associations with false confessions. These are the Reid technique, which is commonly used by police forces
Police interviewing styles and confessions in Japan
Psychological studies of suspects' confessions have been conducted mostly in English-speaking and European countries, and the results may not generalise to countries whose cultures and policing
The American system of jurisprudence provides safeguards to ensure a fair trial, not a fair outcome. The system can be perverted, intentionally or otherwise, via perjury, witness errors, negligence,
Perceptions of coercion in interrogation: comparing expert and lay opinions
ABSTRACT When confessions are entered into evidence in criminal courts, issues of coercion and voluntariness are important and often contested matters. Occasionally, defense attorneys proffer expert
False Confessions
In recent years, DNA exoneration cases have shed light on the problem of false confessions and the wrongful convictions that result. Drawing on basic psychological principles and methods, an


The psychology of interrogations, confessions, and testimony
Interviewing: Basic Principles and Theory. Interrogation Tactics and Techniques. Why Do Suspects Confess?. The Role of Perception and Memory in Witness Testimony. Suggestibility: Historical and
Police Interrogation in the 1990s: An Empirical Study of the Effects of Miranda
Miranda v. Arizona is the Supreme Court’s most famous criminal law decision, spelling out the requirements for police interrogation of criminal suspects. Despite its fame, we have little empirical
Confessions in Prairie City: Some Causes and Effects
The area of police interrogations has been one of the most controversial in criminal justice, and, as a result, one of the most difficult in which to provide workable legal guidelines. For several
Police interviewing and psychological vulnerabilities: predicting the likelihood of a confession
This paper is concerned with examining the differences between people who confess and those who deny offences during a police interview. The main hypothesis under investigation is that
A Proven Case of False Confession: Psychological Aspects of the Coerced-Compliant Type
Following the withdrawal of the charges by the prosecution and the conviction of somebody else for the offence, a detailed psychological assessment indicated a clear improvement in the man's ability to assert himself and to cope with interrogative pressure.
From coercion to deception: the changing nature of police interrogation in America
AbstractOur police, with no legal sanction whatever, employ duress, threat, bullying, a vast amount of moderate physical abuse and a certain degree of outright torture; and their inquisitions
Miranda and the Problem of False Confessions
This chapter examines the relationship between Miranda and false confessions. Demonstrably false confessions from innocent suspects appear to occur with troubling, if unquantifiable, frequency in the
The language of confession, interrogation and deception
Taking a linguistic perspective, this book is a practical explanation of how confessions work. Roger Shuy, author of the 1993 benchmark work, Language Crimes, examines criminal confessions, the
Protecting the Innocent from False Confessions and Lost Confessions – And from Miranda
Criminal procedure scholarship has spent little time discussing the guiltless and much discussing the guilty. Recent attempts to correct this problem have led to discussions of the plight of an