The Psychology of Crowd Dynamics

  title={The Psychology of Crowd Dynamics},
  author={S. Reicher},
It’s not just “us” versus “them”: Moving beyond binary perspectives on intergroup processes
ABSTRACT The social psychology of intergroup relations has emerged largely from studies of how one group of people (e.g., whites) think and feel about another (e.g., blacks). By reducing the socialExpand
The structuration of a sporting social system? Northern Ireland fans, Football for All and the creation of the Green and White Army
In terms of the extant literature to date on sport and fandom in the divided society of Northern Ireland, academic attention has focused almost exclusively on its apparently contentious nature.Expand
Side Effects Of Self-Referential Discussion: The Impact And Interaction Of Deductive And Inductive Routes Of Identity
Studies of group communication and group identity rest on two competing theoretical concepts of the group, one that prioritizes examining the relationships between members and one that examines theExpand
Analyzing crowdsourcing to teach mobile crowdsensing a few lessons
A psycho-technological approach is used to observe, understand, and find a few details regarding human behavior in online systems that could help answer the decade’s old question: How to get quality responses from the crowd. Expand
Football supporters : group identity, perception of in-group and out-group members and pro-group action tendencies
A study of 568 football supporters from club communities in Poland examined whether willingness to engage in collective action would be independently predicted by perceived communal relationship withExpand
The crowd psychology of the Hajj
This thesis is the first study of the crowd psychology of the annual Hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca (Makkah) in Saudi Arabia, to employ self-categorization theory (SCT). The thesis aims to document andExpand
Fire Fighters, Neighbourhoods and Social Identity: the relationship between the fire service and residents in Bristol
Although sporadic attacks on fire crews have long been acknowledged as an occupational hazard facing the fire service, in the mid 2000s, attacks seemed to be increasing in both prevalence andExpand
Group relations at crowd events
Within recent years the elaborated social identity model of crowd behaviour, ESIM, has gained increasing support for both the explanation of conflict and the absence of violence at crowd events.Expand
The social psychology of spatiality and crowding
This thesis applies self-categorization theory (SCT) to the behavioural and experiential dimensions of spatiality and crowding. A literature review in Chapter 2 will highlight the study of ‘personalExpand


We the People: The Revolution of 89. London: Granta
  • We the People: The Revolution of 89. London: Granta
  • 1990
The crowd century: reconciling theoretical failure with practical success
  • British Journal of Social Psychology
  • 1996
The Mass Society
The determination of collective behaviour Social Identity and Intergroup Relations Cambridge
  • Tajfel
  • 1982
WE HAVE BEEN WARNED IN RECENT YEARS, BY GEORGE RUDE AND OTHERS, against the loose employment of the term "mob". I wish in this article to extend the warning to the term "riot", especially where theExpand
A Study of Ghetto Rioters
"The Battle of Westminster": Developing the social identity model of crowd behaviour in order to explain the initiation and development of collective conflict.
This paper aims to extend the social identity approach to crowd behaviour (Reicher, 1984, 1987) in order to understand how crowd events, and crowd conflict in particular, develop over time. TheExpand
‘The Crowd’ century: Reconciling practical success with theoretical failure
On the centenary of the publication in English of Le Bon's The Crowd, this paper examines its legacy. On the one hand, many recent theorists point to the flaws of Le Bon's crowd psychology which areExpand
Social influence in the crowd: Attitudinal and behavioural effects of de‐individuation in conditions of high and low group salience*
The study described here uses the social identity framework suggested by Tajfel and Turner to argue that de-individuation works by altering the salience of personal vs. social identity. SeventyExpand
The St. Pauls' riot: An explanation of the limits of crowd action in terms of a social identity model.
The paper contains a detailed study of the St. Pauls’ riots of April 1980. Particular attention is paid to the limits of participation in the event and the limits of crowd action. It is argued thatExpand