The Psychological Effects of Solitary Confinement on Prisoners in Supermax Units

  title={The Psychological Effects of Solitary Confinement on Prisoners in Supermax Units},
  author={Bruce Arrigo and Jennifer Bullock},
  journal={International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology},
  pages={622 - 640}
  • B. Arrigo, Jennifer Bullock
  • Published 1 December 2008
  • Psychology
  • International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
This article examines the psychological consequences of short- and long-term solitary confinement for prisoners in the United States subjected to administrative or disciplinary segregation. Particular attention is paid to the use of secure housing units, alternatively known as control units or supermax units. These correctional entities allow for the isolation of convicts under conditions that offer little sensory stimulation and minimal opportunities for interaction with other people. The… 

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Psychopathological effects of solitary confinement.

  • S. Grassian
  • Psychology
    The American journal of psychiatry
  • 1983
The author describes psychiatric symptoms that appeared in 14 inmates exposed to periods of increased social isolation and sensory restriction in solitary confinement and asserts that these symptoms form a major, clinically distinguishable psychiatric syndrome.

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The interactionist model of adjustment to prison suggests that inmates have unique characteristics which work as internal determinants of behavior, but do so within the framework of the prison's

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